Roy Gallup Papers

Summary Information

Emporia State University Special Collections and Archives
Roy Gallup Papers
0.25 Linear feet
Commencement program from Argentine High School, Kansas City, Kansas.

Preferred Citation note

Roy Gallup Papers, Emporia State University Archives, Emporia State University.

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Biographical/Historical note

Argentine High School In 1884, a two-year high school course began at Lowell Grade School in Argentine, Kansas. The first graduates earned their diplomas in 1886. Within a few years a four-year program was created and graduation ceremonies for this degree were held in 1891. The school moved into the Bruce Grade School in 1889, and then the Emerson Grade School. A permanent building featuring six classrooms and an auditorium was constructed at 22nd Street and Elmwood (now Ruby Avenue) in the early 1900s. The town of Argentine was annexed into Kansas City in 1910 and by 1913 the community’s schools were part of Public School District 500. The high school was renowned in the area for its business training and won fourteen straight state typewriting championships as well as a number of district championships. The school placed third in a scholarship contest held at Emporia, Kansas, in 1923. A building addition was built in 1923, improving the original school’s design to eleven classrooms, an auditorium, gymnasium, and cafeteria. The school was also changed to include both junior high and senior high students. Beginning in the 1930s, Argentine High School became a pioneer in vocational training for the state. Few high schools offered such programs. It was added as a result of most students needing to acquire trade jobs immediately following graduation as opposed to continuing their education. Included was a work-study program which allowed on-the-job-training. A shop was added to the school in 1940. Other building additions allowed enrollment to increase to 1500 students. A bond program allowed further construction to take place during the 1950s, including the razing of parts of the original building. Over the next 20 years, enrollment stayed fairly steady and the building was well-used. A brand new high school was built and opened in 1973 at a cost of nearly 6 million dollars. Named J. C. Harmon High School after a principal who had served the school for thirty years, the new school combined Argentine and Rosedale high school. This new building won a design award. The football stadium was also remodeled and renamed Art Lawrence Stadium after the man who coached and taught in the district for thirty-six years. The old Argentine High School and Rosedale High School buildings were turned into middle schools for grades six through nine.

Thomas W. Butcher

Thomas W. Butcher was born July 3, 1867, in Macomb, Illinois. The family moved to Kansas when he was ten. Thomas grew up in Phillips and Sumner counties. He attended Friends University and then began teaching in a rural Arkansas school. After earning a B.A. from the University of Kansas in 1894, Thomas worked as principal of Wellington High School and Sumner County High School. He earned a M.A. from Harvard in 1904, studied at the University of Berlin in Germany, and the College of Emporia conferred a LL.D. degree upon him in 1922. He then became President of the Normal School in Edmond, Oklahoma and later superintendent of schools in Enid, Oklahoma. In 1913 he began the first of thirty years as the president of the Kansas Normal School in Emporia, Kansas. Thomas continued to serve as President Emeritus of the Kansas State Teachers College of Emporia after officially retiring on June 30, 1943, until his death July 15, 1947.

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Scope and Contents note

This collection consists of a 1924 graduation program for Argentine High School, Kansas City, Kansas. Kansas State Teachers College President Thomas W. Butcher served as the commencement speaker. In 1923, Argentine High School won third place at a scholarship contest held at Emporia, Kansas.

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Arrangement note

1 file folder in box.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

Emporia State University Special Collections and Archives December 2005

1200 Commercial St
Campus Box 4051
Emporia, KS, 66801
(620) 341-6431

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

Includes a 1936 thesis by Clyde E. Swendler, “Building a Vocational Education Program for the Argentine High School.” Information about Thomas W. Butcher may be found in his presidential papers, donated artifacts, obituary available via microfilm copy of the Emporia Gazette, and an article in volume 1 of  Qualities of Greatness.

Separated Materials note


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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Argentine High School (Kansas City, Kan.).
  • Kansas State Teachers College of Emporia -- Presidents.

Personal Name(s)

  • Butcher, Thomas W.


  • Commencement ceremonies -- Kansas -- Kansas City.

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Collection Inventory


1 program.