Dialogue and UniversalismE and Kweku M. Smith retract the article “Pedagogical Thoughts: Education, Critical Literacy, and Cultural Identity,” by Kweku M. Smith, which appeared in this volume 4:1 (2013), pp. 55-69. This retraction stems from the realization that the work included important parts without proper attribution from a prior work by Bernardo Ferdman, “Literacy and Cultural Identity,” which appeared in Harvard Educational Review volume 60:2 (May 1990), pp. 181-204. Please accept our apologies for this error.