Using data to make classroom-based decisions involves collecting, managing, evaluating, and applying data in a critical manner. The focus of this course is to develop skills in the assessment of students and in the reasoning ability that is necessary to create, select, and administer assessments; analyze the assessment results; and apply concepts to make decisions about teaching and other professional activities based on data of all kinds. Assignments and projects tying this course content to the student's own teaching field are course requirements. Major topics include: selecting and developing assessments; reliability and validity; standardized testing and interpreting score reports (percentile scores); collecting and analyzing assessment data; using data of all kinds to improve student learning; value added measurement; using data to compare schools, states, and nations; correlation and the correlates of effective teaching.