Unless otherwise noted, information contained in each edition of the Kansas School Naturalist reflects the knowledge of the subject as of the original date of publication.

KSN - Vol 14, No 4 - The First 14 YearsVolume 14, Number 4 - April 1968

The First 14 Years



Published by: The Kansas State Teachers College of Emporia

Prepared and Issued by: The Department of Biology,
with the cooperation of the Division of Education

Editor: John Breukelman

Associate Editor: Robert J. Boles

Editorial Committee: Ina M. Borman, Robert F. Clarke, Gilbert A. Leisman, Bernadette Menhusen, David F. Parmelee, Carl W. Prophet

Online format by: Terri Weast

The Kansas School Naturalist is sent upon request, free of charge, to Kansas teachers, school board members and administrators, librarians, conservationists, youth leaders , and other adults interested in nature education. Back numbers are sent free as long as supply lasts, except Vol. 5, No.3, Poisonous Snakes of Kansas. Copies of this issue may be obtained for 25 cents each postpaid. Send orders to The Kansas School Naturalist, Department of Biology, Kansas State Teachers College, Emporia, Kansas, 66801.

The Kansas School Naturalist is published in October, December, February, and April of each year by The Kansas State Teachers College, 1200 Commercial Street, Emporia, Kansas, 66801. Second-class postage paid at Emporia, Kansas.

"Statement required by the Act of October, 1962: Section 4369, Title 39, United States Code, showing Ownership, Management and Circulation." The Kansas School Naturalist is published in October, December, February, andApril. Editorial Office and Publication Office at 1200 Commercial Street, Emporia, Kansas, 66801. The Naturalist is edited and published by the Kansas State Teachers College, Emporia, Kansas. Editor, John Breukelman, Department of Biology.

The First 14 Years

This is the final issue of The Kansas School Naturalist to appear under the present editorship, since I am retiring from active service at KSTC as of May 31, 1968. The October 1968 issue will appear under the editorship of my successor, Dr. Robert J. Boles. I hope you readers will forgive this review of the first fourteen years of the Naturalist, that you will find the reminiscences and the statistics interesting, and that you will give Dr. Boles the same support and cooperation you have given me.

KSN - Vol 14, No 4 - page 3

The retiring editor hands the incoming
editor the file copies of the first 14 volumes, 1954-1968.

The Kansas School Naturalist was conceived in the dining room of the then Broadview Hotel, now the Tartan Room of the College of Emporia Downtown Center. President John E. King and I had a breakfast date with Dr. E. Laurence Palmer, of Cornell University, who was in Emporia as a consultant for the 1954 Workshop in Conservation. He was the long-time editor of the Cornell Rural School Leaflet, now the Cornell Science Leaflet. The purpose of the breakfast meeting was to explore the possibilities of a quarterly leaflet to be published by the Department of Biology, to cover the general field of natural history and conservation, somewhat along the lines of the quarterly which Dr. Palmer had been editing for so many years at Cornell. We met for breakfast about 8 A.M. Two hours later we were still at the table. We had laid the general plans for a 16-page quarterly, tentatively selected a name, The Kansas School Naturalist. We had even drawn out in rough form, on table napkins, the"dummy" for the first issue.

The embryological development of the Naturalist started later the same day in Room 5 of the old Norton Science Hall. Present at this meeting were, in addition to the Broadview "breakfast committee," Ted F. Andrews, then Head of the Department of Biology, now Director of Science, Educational Research Foundation of Greater Cleveland; Ina M. Borman, Associate Professor of Education and teacher of science in Thomas W. Butcher Childrens School, KSTC; Dixon Smith, then instructor of geography in the Division of Social Science, KSTC, now on the faculty of the University
of Wyoming; and the late Helen M. Douglass of the Division of Education, KSTC.

The first issue of the new magazine, "Window Nature Study," appeared in October, 1954. It was prepared by the Editorial Committee, assisted by certain members of the 1954 Workshop in Conservation, with the special assistance of Dr. Palmer. The hopes and objectives of the Department of Biology and the editorial committee were set forth in Volume 1, Number 1, as follows:

This first issue of The Kansas School Naturalist is produced at the college by the Department of Biology, with the cooperation of the Departments of Education and Social Science. According to present
plans, it will be issued· four times during the school year-about the first of October, December, February, and April. The editorial committee hopes that the magazine will prove valuable to teachers and pupils, members of outdoor groups, scoutmasters, camp leaders, conservation leaders, and various others who take either a serious or a casual interest in observation of nature.

It is the hope of the editorial committee that The Kansas School Naturalist may be of special help to teachers, in at least three ways. First, we hope that the information provided in the articles, tables and illustrations may be useful in teaching about Kansas and its natural interests. Second, we hope teachers will find methods, devices, activities, and tricks-of-the-trade to help them find something for students to do, as well as something to study about. And third, we hope that the magazine may serve
as a clearing ho use for both information and activities, so that teachers may use its columns to help each other.

The subject for the first issue, "Window Nature Study," was introduced in these words:

Schools differ in almost every way you can think of - cost, construction, size, age, location, landscaping-but one feature they all have are windows.

(This is of course no longer true, Many modern schools are being built without windows, now that we have air-conditioning and fluorescent lights.)

These are of many types and sizes, but they all have glass, most of them can be opened, and many of them are screened. Their function is to admit light and air, but this is not all.

Windows, provide excellent nature study laboratories. When the word " laboratory" is mentioned most people think of a special room filled with a lot of complicated-looking instruments;---queer shaped glassware, and odd specimens. But a laboratory may be quite simple, and every school room or rural school has several of them. A laboratory is a place where scientific work is done, where careful observations are made, where natural things and processes are studied first hand.

Windows can be used for examining many interesting things that Nature has to offer. You may see through a window, a arm's length, a bird which would fly away if you came within 50 feet of it outdoors.
You don't have to go out to collect box-elder bugs; they will come through the window to where you are.

Look at the picture on the front cover. Examine it carefully for a half minute or so. What did you see? Of course you noticed the two pupils looking at the battery jar which is serving as an aquarium, and you must have seen the windows in the next building. Did you notice the playground equipment in the yard? The cattails in the window? The snails in the battery jar? Did you notice that the window through which you were looking wa s not screened but that the adjoining one was?

Now look a t the picture on the back cover for a half minute. Did you notice the little pile of dirt on the window sill and ledge? How did it get there? Is there any dirt on the window sill? How did it get there? Did you notice the wasp on the window sill? Did you notice that when you look into the room from outdoors the window is darker than its surroundings? If you were an insect flying toward the light, in which direction would fly through the window? Which way do you think the wasp was going?

KSN - Vol 14, No 4 - page 5

Back (left) and front (right) covers of the
first issue. October 1954.

Helen Douglass chose Janet Anderson and Nancy Kreymer, pupils at Butcher School for "cover girls" for the front and back covers, as shown above. Robert Stapleford, then a high school science teacher at Hoxie, Kansas, who was doing graduate work in summer school, took the photographs. The drawings were made by Robert F. Clarke, senior biology major, now Associate Professor of Biology, KSTC.

The first issue was distributed in various ways. Copies were sent to superintendents and principals throughout Kansas, with the suggestions that they acquaint their teachers with the publication. Copies were given to science and biology teachers enrolled in summer school. A package was sent to each county superintendent, with the request that the copies be given to interested teachers. Copies were distributed at various sections of the November 1954 meetings of the Kansas State Teachers Association. The fourth number, April 1955, "Let's Go Outdoors," was widely distributed in summer school classes and workshops of 1955.

After the first year, The Kansas School Naturalist has been sent only upon request. By January 1956, the mailing list included about 1800 individuals and 80 libraries. The fourth number of the first year, April 1955, carried an insert to be returned by readers, giving some information about themselves.

Almost a thousand inserts were returned, about 90 per cent from teachers, supervisors, and school administrators. Ten per cent were received from librarians, scout leaders, conservationists, camp directors, 4-H Club leaders, and various miscellaneous categories. Of the teachers a bout 65 per cent were kindergarten and elementary teachers, 30 per cent junior and senior high school teachers, and five per cent college teachers.

KSN - Vol 14, No 4 - page 12

A Conservation Workshop committee at work

For the year 1967 the mailing list stood at about 6500. The last number of Volume 13, April 1967, carried an insert similar to that of April 1956. This time about 75 per cent were returned by teachers, supervisors, and administrators; 25 per cent from the other categories. The change from ten to 25 per cent in the latter
was accounted for mainly by the greatly increased number of librarians on the 1967-68 mailing list. Of the teachers, 70 per cent were kindergarten and elementary teachers, 23 per cent junior and senior high school teachers, and seven per cent college teachers. Thus, although the mailing list has increased by almost 20
per cent, the percentage of elementary, high school, and college teachers remained nearly the same.

The Kansas School Naturalist has been favorably received from the beginning. Kansas newspapers as well as radio and television stations, took note of its establishment.

Nature Magazine, in February 1955, commented on the new quarterly as follows:

It happens that this particular topic was selected beca use of the arrival of Number 1, Volume 1 of the Kansas School Naturalist, published by the Emporia, Kansas, State Teachers College ... This new school quarterly is available to Kansas school folk, and should perform a most useful service to the schools of the state. Kansas has ranked hi gh for its publications useful to naturalists, particularly because of those coming from the University of Kansas. It is appropriate that the State offer to the
pre-college teachers material suitable to their needs . .. these school leaflets should serve to put into use the findings of the more technical publications of the university.

The initial Kansas School Naturalist helps teachers use as laboratories their school windows, and the cover cleverly shows what may be seen looking out of and into an ordinary schoolroom window. Drs. King and Breukelman, and the State of Kansas, are to be congratulated on this new venture, which was, in part, the outcome of a teachers ' workshop sponsored last summer at Emporia by the National Wildlife Federation.

The Kansas School Naturalist had it origin in the KSTC Workshop in Conservation, and has been closely associated with it through the years. Many issues have been planned and prepared by workshop groups that organized themselves into formal committees. Other issues were started by workshop groups; in some
instances, workshop participants did much of the preliminary library work or other "spade work" that made certain issues possible.

The authorship of the 56 issues of The Kansas School Naturalist has been quite varied, although nearly two-thirds (35 issues) were written by KSTC faculty members, as either individual or as joint publications. Of the 35, nine were written by the editor, and eight were joint publications by Ina M. Borman and the late
Helen M. Douglass. Eleven issues were produced by organized committees of the annual summer Workshop in Conservation. Three others, although not the work of organized committees, had their origin in the Workshop. The remaining seven issues were contributed by graduate, under-graduate, and precollege students, and persons independent of KSTC, including one Emporia physician, Dr. Edward J. Ryan.

KSN - Vol 14, No 4 - page 13

Carl Hoffmans, manager of the Teachers
College Press, examines the cover layout for the 56th issue of the Naturalist.

As varied as the authorship has been the subject matter of the 56 issues, even though most of the issues have dealt with topics more or less closely related to the fields of conservation and nature study. Fourteen of the issues have treated specific nature topics or areas as such, for example "Life In A Pond" and "Your Nature IQ." Eleven have dealt with types or groups of animals and six with types or groups of plants. Ten have been based on teaching materials and methods, with special emphasis on equipment, experiments, and projects suitable for the study of science, conservation, and nature study in the elementary grades. Five have treated various aspects of climate, water, and soil. Four have been devoted to brief reviews of children's books in nature study and science. Two issues, including the present one, have been historical, one has described materials and methods for camping, and one has dealt with time and velocity. One was a description of the F. B. and Rena G. Ross Natural History Reservation near Americus, which is a part of the Teachers College set aside for use by the Department of Biology in its general program of teaching, research, and service.

Table I shows the titles and authors of the 56 issues from October 1954 to April 1968.

The Kansas School Naturalist has served as one medium for announcing the annual Audubon Screen Tour Series presented by the Department of Biology since 1957-58. Except for 1967-68, when the series was reduced to three, each series has consisted of five all-color motion pictures of wildlife, plant life, and conservation personally narrated by leading naturalists. The compilation of screen tours of the past
eleven years not only looks like a directory of naturalists, but might also be thought of as the chapters of a fascinating book on wildlife, science, nature study, and conservation. In the eleven years, 33 naturalists have presented 53 Audubon Society films; 10 have appeared twice each, and five three times each, as shown in Table II.

KSN - Vol 14, No 4 - page 15
A serious moment in the work of the retiring
editor, recorded in pencil by the
incoming editor.

Many people and agencies have contributed time and effort to whatever success the Naturalist has enjoyed. It is impossible to name all of them, but the list on pages 12-15 includes the majority. Special recognition is due Presidents John E. King and John E. Visser, Acting President Laurence Boylan, and Departments Heads Ted F. Andrews and Ralph P. Frazier, whose continued cooperation and encouragement has made the publication possible; Conservation Workshop Directors C. F. Gladfelter, Robert F. Clarke, Thomas A. Eddy, Scott D. Hagen, and Charles Schlanker, who supervised the production of various materials used in numerous issues; the Teachers College Press under the direction of Carl Hoffmans for excellent make-up and printing; and the Teachers College General Office for its efficient handling of the mailing list and addressograph service.

I wish to thank all of you here listed, as well as many others who have made contributions. Among the important unlisted persons are the readers who have supplied information of value and suggestions for further issues.


1-1 Oct. 1954 Window Nature Study Editorial Committee
1-2 Dec. 1954 Wildlife in Winter Editorial Committee and H. A. Stephens, KSTC Faculty
1-3 Feb. 1955 Children's Books for Nature Study Ina M. Borman and Helen M. Douglass, KSTC Faculty
1-4 Apr. 1955 Let' s Go Outdoors Editorial Committee and Dixon Smith, KSTC Faculty
2-1 Oct. 1955 Fall Wildflowers Editorial Committee and H. A. Stephens, Kansas Forestry, Fish and Game Commission
2-2 Dec. 1955 Snow Editorial Committee
2-3 Feb. 1956 Spring Wildflowers Editorial Committee and H. A. Stephens
2-4 Apr. 1956 Turtles in Kansas Robert F. Clarke, Graduate Student, KSTC
3-1 Oct. 1956 Hawks in Kansas Workshop Committee: Ruth L. Fox, Hutchinson; L. U. West, Wichita
3-2 Dec. 1956 Children's Books for Nature Study (II) Borman and Douglass
3-3 Feb. 1957 Life In A Pond Workshop Committee: H. W. Davies, Chapman; Paul Jantzen, Larned; Harlan Pankratz, Buhler; Carl W. Prophet, KSTC; Darrell Timken, Lansing
3-4 Apr . 1957 Spiders Workshop Committee; Ida Moe Cook, Yoder; Evan Lindquist, Emporia; Katie M. Robinson;
4-1 Oct . 1957 Along the Roadside Workshop Committee: Gertrude Bacon, Emporia; Ethel Bertrand, Chency; Anne Yoder, Peabody
4-2 Dec. 1957 An Outline for Conservation Teaching in Kansas Workshop Committee: Gloria Ann Beck, Clay Center; Pearl B. Campbell, Westmoreland; Rose Ethel Ford, Burns; Patricia M. Johnson, Perth; Meg Lynch, Topeka; Lola Jane Razor, Marion
4-3 Feb. 1958 Trees Workshop Committee: W. B. Fletcher, Downs; M rs . Bert Brickell, Salfordville; Marie Schrock, Hutchinson; Winifred Utter, Emporia
4-4 Apr. 1958 Summer Wildflowers G. A. Leisman, KSTC Faculty
5-1 Oct. 1958 Watersheds in Kansas Biology Workshop group, assisted by Roy M. Davis, Area Conservationist, Emporia
5-2 Dec. 1958 Let's Build Equipment Borman and Douglass
5-3 Feb. 1959 Poisonous Snakes of Kansas Robert F. Clarke, KSTC Faculty
5-4 Apr. 1959 Life in a Stream Carl W. Prophet, KSTC Faculty
6-1 Oct. 1959 Field Trips John Breukelman
6-2 Dec. 1959 Conservation Arithmetic Members of 1953, 54, 55, 56, and 57 Workshops
6-3 Feb. 1960 The Sparrow Family Bernadette Menhusen, Graduate Student, KSTC
6-4 Apr. 1960 Measures and Weights Biology Workshop Groups, 1958 and 1959
7-1 Nov. 1960 Let's Experiment Borman and Douglass
7-2 Jan. 1961 Recent Science Books for Children (III) Borman and Douglass
7-3 Mar. 1961 The Greatest Show on Earth John Breukelman
7-4 May 1961 The F. B. and Rena G. Ross Natural History Reservation John Breukelman, Thomas A. Eddy, and Emily Hartman, KSTC Faculty
8-1 Nov. 1961 Rhythms in Nature John Breukelman
8-2 Jan. 1962 The Cacti of Kansas H. A. Stephens
8-3 Mar. 1962 The Formation of Soil John Breukelman
8-4 May 1962 Let's Build Equipment (II) Borman and Douglass
9-1 Nov. 1962 The Terns of Kansas David F. Parmelee, KSTC Faculty
9-2 Jan. 1963 Kansas Natural History in 1863 John Breukelman
9-3 Mar. 1963 Attracting Wildlife for Observation Workshop Committee: Lela Block, Iuka; Edna Snowden, Howard; Moe Rhodes, Beaver Flats; Wilma Deeds, Cimarron; Roberta McFarland, Olpe; Alvino Reichort, Valley Falls; Beulah Brinkworth, Mankato; Faye Rife, Colby
9-4 May 1963 The Water Table John Breukelman
10-1 Oct. 1963 Microclimate John Breukelman, KSTC Faculty, and Stanley J. Roth, Jr., Lawrence High School
10-2 Dec. 1963 Insects Ronald Aeschliman, Senior, KSTC
10-3 Feb. 1964 Geology of Kansas Paul Johnston, KSTC Faculty
10-4 Apr. 1964 Camping in Kansas Workshop Committee: Tom Nelson, Wichito; Dianne Davis, Maize; Richard Heaton, Marion
11-1 Oct. 1964 Ecology Edward J. Ryan, M.D., Emporia
11-2 Dec. 1964 Unwanted Partners Robert J. Boles, KSTC Faculty
11-3 Feb. 1965 What is Conservation? Workshop Committee; Clara Belle Endsley, Junction City; Joann Haladay, Hays; Eva Dold, Emporia; Mable Doan, Hutchinson; Dorothy Gibbons, Hutchinson; Assisted by Bernadette Menhusen and Robert J.
11-4 Apr. 1965 Lizards in Kansas Robert F. Clarke
12-1 Oct. 1965 Dinosaurs Wolter E. Boles and Tim Ladwig, 8th grade, Roosevelt Junior High School
12-2 Dec. 1965 Your Science Project Robert J. Boles and Bernadette Menhusen, KSTC Faculty
12-3 Feb. 1966 What Good Are Insects? John Breukelman
12-4 Mar. 1966 Let's Experiment (II) Borman and Douglass
13-1 Oct.1966 Your Nature IQ Robert J. Boles
13-2 Dec. 1966 Time and Velocity Workshop Committee; Ruby M. Carter, Yates Center; Margaret C. Parker, Olpe
13-3 Feb. 1967 Ferns in Kansas Ralph Brooks, Junior, Shawnee Mission High School
13-4 Apr. 1967 Recent Science Books for Children (IV) Borman and Douglass
14-1 Oct. 1967 Your Ecology IQ Robert J. Boles
14-2 Dec. 1967 Winter Nature Study John Breukelman
14-3 Feb . 1968 Doomed for Extinction? Workshop Committee: Velma Berg, Hope; Evelyn Ford, Virgil; Mary Mounkes, Beloit; Shirley Stillwell, Fredonia; assisted by Robert J. Boles
14-4 Apr. 1968

The First Fourteen Years
(This Issue)

John Breukelman


1957- 1958

Fran Hall
Alexander Sprunt, Jr.
Howard Cleaves
Bert Harwell
G.H. Orions
Cypress Kingdom
Animals at Night
Forgotten Country
Greal Smoky Skyland

1958- 1959

Arthur A. Allen
Emerson Scoll
Roger Tory Peterson
Olin S. Peltingill, Jr.
William Ferguson
East and West From Hudson Boy
Rocky Mountain Rambles
Wild America
Penguin Summer
This Curious World in Nature


Fran Hall (2)
Albert Wool
Alexander Sprunt, Jr. (2)
Cleaveland P. Grant
William Ferguson (2)
Puerto Rico
Ranch and Range
Coastal Carolina
Land of Early Autumn
High Horizons


Patricia Witherspoon
John Moyer
William A. Anderson
Emerson Scoll (2)
Charles E. Mohr
Kangaroo Continent
Jungle Trek in India
Designs for Survival
Pika Country
Pastures of the Sea


Eben McMillan
William Ferguson (3)
Walter Breckenridge
Chester P. Lyons
Olin S. Peltingill, Jr. (2)
Shandon Hills
Once Around the Sun
Island Treasure
The Right to Live
Tip o' the Mitten


Ray E. Coy
Robert C. Hermes
Waller H. Berlet
Clifford Carl
Earl Hilfiker
Waters and Wildlife
Ranch of Purple Flowers
Living Wilderness
Secrets of the Sea
Wildlife of the Eastern Woodlands


Charles T. Hotchkiss
Chester P. Lyons (2)
Roy E. Coy (2)
Harry Pederson
Eben McMillon (2)
Teton Trails
Nature's Plans and Puzzles
Manitoba Memories
Village Beneath the Sea
Land That I Love


Allan D. Cruickshank River of the Crying Bird
Emerson Scott (3) Our Changing Heritage
D. J. Nelson Inherit the Wild
Walter H. Berlet (2) Northwest to Alaska
Roy E. Coy (3) Missouri Northwest


John Bulger New England Saga
Patricia Witherspoon (2) Stepping-Stones to Australia
Frank W. McLaughlin A Wonderland Endangered
H. Charles Laun The Alpine Tundra
Robert C. Hermes (2) Between the Tides


Walter H. Berlet (3) The Untamed Olympics
Charles T. Hotchkiss (2) Tidewater Trails
John Bulger (2) Wild Rivers of North America
Albert Wool (2) Ranch Life and Wildlife
Patricia Witherspoon (3) Colorado Through the Seasons


Dee Jay Nelson (2) Three Seasons North
Robert W. Davison The Vanishing Sea
Hugh C. Land Out of the Selva


ANDERSON, E. L. Photos, 3(1), 3(4), 3(2)

ANDERSON, JANET "Cover girl" for first issue, Oct . 1954

ANDREWS, TED. F. Assistance in original planning Photos, 2(1), 9(1)

BACON, GERTRUDE Co-author, 4(1)

BAILAR, KENT C. Data for 10(4); Map, 10(4)

BALSLEY, GENE Drawings, 6(1)

BECK, GLORIA ANN Co-author, 4(2)

BECK, SANDRA Drawings, 3(1)

BERG, VELMA Co-author, 14(3)

BERTRAND, ETHEL Co-author, 4(1)

BLOCK, LELA Co-author, 9(3)

BOERGER, BETTY Typing and mailing list

Associate Editor, 1967-1968; Drawings, 7(4), 8( I ), 9(3), 10(2), 11(3), 12(3), 12(4), 14(3)
Author, 11(2), 13(1)
Co-author, 12(2)

BOLES, WALTER E. Co-author, 12 (1)

Editorial Committee 1954
Co-author, 1(3), 3(2), 5(2), 7(1), 7(2), 8(4), 12(4), 13(4)

BOYLAN, LAURENCE C. Acting President, KSTC, 1966-67

BRICKELL, MRS. BERT Co-author, 4(3)

BRINKMAN, J. WARREN Art lettering 7(3), assistance with several other issues

BRINKWORTH, BEULAH Assistance with 9(3)

BROOKS, RALPH Author, 13(3)

CAIN, TOM Drawings, 5(2), 7(1)

CAMPBELL, PEARL B. Co-author, 4(2)

Canady's Camera Shop Photo, 8(3)

CARTER, RUBY M. Co-author, 13(2)

Chase County Office, Soil Conservation Service Map, 10(1)

Drawings, 1 (1), 2(3), 2(4), 2(1), 2(2), 3(2), 4(1), 5(1), 7(4)
Author, 2(4), 5(3), 11(4)
Editoriol Committee, 1956-1960, 1962
Photos, 6(1), 10(1)
Director, Conservation Workshop, 1959-1960

Data for several issues on conservation

Co-author, 3(4)

Cornell Rural School Leaflet
Loan of drawings, 2(2)

DAVIES, H. W. Co-author, 3(3)

DAVIS, DIANNE Co-author, 10(4)

Data , maps, photos, and drawings, 5(1), 7(4), 8(3), and other issues on conservation

DECKER, EUGENE D. Historical data and pictures, 9(2)

DEEDS, WILMA Co-author, 9(3)

Department of Entomology, Kansas State University Photo, 10(2)

DOANE, MABLE Co-author, 11(3)

DOLD, EVA Co-author, 11(3)

Editorial Committee, 1954-1966
Co-author, 1(3), 3(2), 5(2), 7(1), 7(2), 8(4), 12(4), 13(4)

DUGGAN, TERESA Drawings, 8(1)

Co-author, 7(4)
Director, Conservation Workshop, 1961-1965

ELMORE, PAUL Photo, 2(2)

ENDSLEY, CLARA BELLE Co-author, 1 1(3)

FITCH, HENRY M. Assistance in preparation of 3(4)

FLETCHER, W. B. Co-author, 4(3)

FORD, EVELYN Co-author, 14(3)

FORD, ROSE ETHEL Co-author, 4(2)

FOX, RUTH Co-author, 3(1)

FRAZIER, RALPH P. Head of Department of Biology, 1963- 1967

GIBBONS, DOROTHY Co-author, 11(3)

Director, Conservation Workshop, 1958
Data for 6(2), 7(4), 8(3)

HAGEN, SCOTT D. Director, Conservation Workshop, 1966

HARTMAN, EMILY L. Co-author, 7(4)

HEATON, RICHARD R. Co-author, 10(4)

HOFFMANS, CARL J. Manager, Teachers College Press

HOLADAY, JOANN Co-author, 11(3)

JANTZEN, PAUL A. Co-author, 3(3)

JOHNSON, PATRICIA M. Co-author, 4(2)

JOHNSTON, PAUL Author, 10(3)

JONES, GARY Photo, 9(1)

JONES, MARY Drawings, 8(1)

Kansas Forestry, Fish and Game Commission
Loan of cut, 3(1), 1 1(3)
Data for 10(4)

Kansas Lumber Co.
Drawings, 6(4)

Kansas Sportsman
Photo, 2(2)

Kansas State Board of Agriculture
Data for 6(4)

Kansas State Geological Survey
Data for 9(4)
Photo, 10(3)

Kansas State Highway Commission
Data for 10(3)

Kansas State Historical Society
Photos and maps, 9(2)

KENNEDY, SANDRA Questions for 13(1)

KING, JOHN E. President during first 12 years of The Kansas School Naturalist

KNOUSE, JOHN A. Cover, 9(1)

KREYMER, NANCY "Cover gir l" for first issue Oct. 1954


LADWIG, TIM Illustrations, 12(1)

LEACH, INEZ Co-author, 4(2)

Editorial Committee, 1956
Photos, 4(3)
Author, 4(4)

Drawings, 1(2), 3(3), 3(4), 4(3)
Co-author, 3(4)

LUTZ, MARY ANN Typing and mailing list

Co-author, 4(2)

McFARLAND, ROBERTA Assistance with 9(3)

MASON, GARY Photo, 3(4)

Editorial Committee, 1967
Direction of 4(2)
Author, 6(3)
Co-author, 12(2)

MOUNKES, MARY Co-author, 14(3)

NADEN, DONA Typing and mailing list

National Audubon Society Cover, 6(3), 7(3)

National Wildlife Federation
Workshop Scholarships
Drawing, 1 1(3)

Nature Magazine
Loan o f cut, 1(4)

Co-author, 10(4)

Assistance in planning The Kansas School Naturalist
Editor, Cornell Rural School Leaflet, after which KSN was patterned

PANKRATZ, HARLAN Co-author, 3(3)

PARKMAN, MARGARET C. Co-author, 13(2)

Editorial Committee, 1959
Author, 9(1)

PFLAUM, GEORGE R. R. Aids lor 9(2)

Problems, 6(2)

Photographic Services, KSTC
Cover, 5(2), 7(1), 7(2), 8(4), 9(3), 9(4), 13(4), various other photos

Co-author, 3(3)
Acting Editor, 1957-58,64-65
Editorial Committee, 1957- 1959, 1963
Author, 5(4)

Assistance in preparation of 3(1)

Co-author, 4(2)

Assistance with 9(3)

Co-author, 9(3)

Data for 9(2)

Photo, 2(4)

Assistance with 9(3)

Editor, Cornell Science Leaflet

Co-author, 3(4)

ROTH, STANLEY E., Jr. Co-author, 10(1)

RYAN, E. J., M.D.
Data; use of Chase County Tract, I O( I)
Author, 11(1)

SCHLANKER, CHARLES Director, Conservation Workshop, 1967

SCHROCK, MARIE Co-author, 4(3)

SHOEMAKER, C. R. Photo, 2(3)

SIMEK, JANET Typing and mailing list

Editorial Committee, 1954-1 963
Preparation 01 text, 1(4)

SNOWDEN, EDNA Co-author, 9(3)

South Dakota Association of Soil Conservation Photo, 8(3)

STAPLE FORD, ROBERT Photos, 1(1), 3(4), 2(1)

Editorial Committee, 1954-1955
Bird summary, 1(2)
Preparation of text, 2( 1),2(3)
Photos, 2(2), 2(3)
Assistance with 4(4)
Author, 8(2)

STILLWELL, SHIRLEY Co-author, 14(3)

STORMONT, DAVID Cover, 7(4); photos for various issues


UNRUH, NANCY Drawings, 5(4)

United States Department of Agriculture
Graphs for 11 (3),8(3)
Photos, 8(3)

United States Weather Bureau Data for 2(2)

UTTER, WINIFRED Co-author, 4(3)

VISSER, JOHN E. President, KSTC, 1967

WEST, L. U. Co-author, 3(1)

WILLIS, HAROLD Drawings, 6(2), 6(3), 6(4), 7(1)

YODER, ANNE Co-author, 4(1)

YODER, CAROL Typing and mailing list


KSN - Vol 14, No 4 - back cover

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