Bloom's Taxonomy for Cognitive Levels

It is important to design instructional content to challenge your learners at a variety of cognitive levels. The quick guide below is designed to help you to keep in mind the different types of questions and tasks you will want to integrate into your lessons. Each lesson may not require all six levels. However, over the course of the semester you will want to include a variety of levels.

1. Knowledge: Define, Identify

Recall of facts in the same format as it was found.

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2. Comprehension: Explain, Summarize

Grasp the meaning of the content and explain the effect in a new format.

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3. Application: Demonstrate, Show

Apply what is learned to solve a problem, use new methods, procedures, rules, principles, laws, and theories.

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4. Analysis: Infer, Separate

Break information down into separate parts by distinguishing factors to infer unique characteristics.

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5. Synthesis: Combine, Compose, Create, Design

Bring information together creatively to form new ideas, patterns, or structures.

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6. Evaluation: Compare, Judge

Judge or rate the ideas, conditions, and objects based on specific criteria or standards.

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