Center for Innovative School Leadership
School Efficiency and Effectiveness
A. Facilities Management
Facility management is a significant activity in most districts. Active management of maintenance projects and procedures can provide cost control, ensure quality of workmanship, and help ensure timely completion of facility operations. Facilities also must be maintained and cleaned on a routine basis to ensure a safe and healthy environment for students, teachers, and staff.
The following are the primary topics of the facilities management protocol: organization and management, custodial and maintenance services, energy management, transportation, and safety and security.
B. Human Resources
Elementary and secondary education is labor-intensive. To be effective and efficient, school districts must hire the right number of employees with the correct qualifications and credentials to fill each position in the district. Further, employees must be adequately compensated, given opportunities for training, and must have access to benefits and services.
The terms “personnel” and “human resources” are often used interchangeably. Personnel management was historically limited to the performance of administrative processes and procedures such as hiring and maintaining employee records. Today, personnel functions have evolved into a broader category of services that are provided under a wide variety of complex employment laws.
The following are the primary topics of the human resources protocol: organization and management; personnel policies and procedures; recruitment, hiring, and retention; salary, wages, and benefits; and evaluation and supervision.
A district’s structure, staff management and planning process provide the foundation for effective and efficient education of students. The board and superintendent function as a leadership team to meet student needs. The board sets goals, objectives, and policies for school district operations and approves the plans and funding. The superintendent manages district operations and recommends the staffing levels and amount of resources necessary to carry out the board goals and directives developed through the planning process. The building-level leadership ensures that all board policies, goals, and objectives are carried out. The building-level leader is the difference in average and outstanding schools.
The following are the primary topics of the leadership protocol: board of education, administrative team, district philosophy and communication, legal services, and parent/patron organizations.
D. Teaching and Learning
Above all else, school districts must provide high quality educational services. Having adequate processes in place to identify student educational needs, providing for those needs, and measuring performance as a result of these programs represents the most vital mission for every school district.
The following are the primary topics of the teaching and learning protocol: curriculum, instruction, and assessment; technology; support services; staff development; and special populations.