Effort Reporting is how we provide assurance to a grant sponsor that:
Below are the top 10 things a P.I. (Principal Investigator) should know about effort:
1, Effort is your work on a project, whether the sponsor pays your salary or not.
2. When you write yourself into a grant proposal, you are committing your effort to the sponsor.
3. If you reduce your effort, paid or unpaid, on a federal grant by 25%, you must have agency approval. If you reduce your paid effort, you may choose to document cost-sharing so that the total effort does not decrease.
4. Many activities cannot be charged to a federally sponsored project. For example, the time you spend on these activities cannot be charged:
- Writing a proposal
- Serving on an IRB, IACUC or other research committee
- Serving on a departmental or university service committee
5. If you work on a sponsored project, you must certify your effort.
6. Certifying effort is not the same as certifying payroll.
7. Certification must reasonably reflect all the effort for all the activities that are covered by your University compensation.
8. Effort is not based on a 40-hour work week. It’s not based on hours at all.
9. Effort must be certified by someone with suitable means of verifying that the work was performed.
10. In identifying audit findings, auditors look for indications that certification was based on factors other than actual, justifiable effort.
*Robert C. Andresen, Assistant Director Research And Sponsored Programs, University of Wisconsin – Madison
* National Council of University Research Administrators (NCURA)
In a grant proposal, you offer effort. At award time, you make a commitment of effort. Throughout the project, you charge salary to the sponsor. Periodically, sponsors want to know: 1) have you devoted enough effort to justify the salary charges? and 2) even in cases where you are not charging salary to the sponsor, have you fulfilled your commitments?
Effort certification (or effort reporting) is the means of assuring sponsors that:
Certification is required for individuals who have paid or committed effort on sponsored projects. Effort must be certified by a person who can verify that the work was performed.
Effort reporting is not an exact science.
The consequences of NOT providing sufficient effort reporting and certification can be dire for the university. Effort reporting is the #1 target for federal auditors, and many universities have paid millions of dollars in fines.
Click on the Forms link in the menu on the left. There are two forms available:
Simple Time and Effort Report Form - may only be used when your compensated time and effort is 100% on one activity for the time period specified.
Activity Distribution Report - should be used when your time and effort is split between two or more activities for the time period specified.
Depending on your specific grant, we recommend that you report and cerftify your time and effort on a semester basis. Effort reporting should be provided for anyone receiving compensation from the grant, or anyone with a time commitment on the grant project, compensated or not. If you have any questions about this, please contact the Research and Grants Center.