This course introduces the history of sex and violence in the nineteenth century, focusing on racial and gender violence rooted in concepts of masculinity and femininity. Students will explore several different types of violence; racial violence; the concept of honor and how men used violence to assert their dominant male identity; sexual violence, particularly with the rampant murder of prostitutes in major cities and how women struck back at abusive men; violence through warfare; and mob violence. Students will examine racial and gender identity. Sex and violence are tools used to examine and better understand how racial, ethnic, class and gender identities formed throughout the nineteenth century, one of the most violent in American History.