Volume 23, Number 1 - October 1976
You Can Be Informed
(Sequel to WHOSE ENVIRONMENT?)
by Dr. John Breukelman
ABOUT THIS ISSUE
Published by Emporia Kansas State College
Prepared and issued by The Division of Biology
Editor: Robert J. Boles
Editorial Committee: James S. Wilson, Gilbert A. Leisman, Thomas Eddy, Robert F. Clarke
Online format by: Terri Weast
The Kansas School Naturalist is sent upon request, free of charge, to Kansas teachers, school board members and administrators, librarians, conservationists, youth leaders, and other adults interested in nature education. Back numbers are sent free as long as supply lasts, except Vol.5, No.3, Poisonous Snakes of Kansas. Copies of this issue may be obtained for 25 cents each postpaid. Send orders to The Kansas School Naturalist, Division of Biology, Emporia Kansas State College, Emporia, Kansas, 66801.
The Kansas School Naturalist is published in October, December, February, and April of each year by the Kansas State Teachers College, 1200 Commercial Street, Emporia, Kansas, 66801. Second-class postage paid at Emporia, Kansas.
"Statement required by the Act of October, 1962: Section 4369, Title 39, United States Code, showing Ownership, Management and Circulation." The Kansas School Naturalist is published in October, December, February, and April. Editorial Office and Publication Office at 1200 Commercial Street, Emporia, Kansas, 66801. The Naturalist is edited and published by the Kansas State Teachers College, Emporia, Kansas. Editor, Robert J. Boles, Department of Biology.
The author was a professor of biology at EKSC from 1929 until his retirement in 1968. He was the chairman of the committee that founded The Kansas School Naturalist in 1954 and was its editor for the first 14 years. He was co-author or author of 15 previous numbers of the Naturalist, the most recent being NATURE POETRY II, December 1975. He has started work on a third issue on nature poetry, tentatively planned for December 1977.
Thanks are due Editor Boles for the cover and illustrations in this number. and to my wife Ruth for her careful reading of the manuscript and for other assistance in preparation.
You Can Be Informed
(Sequel to WHOSE ENVIRONMENT?)
by Dr. John Breukelman,Professor Emeritus of Biology, Emporia Kansas State College
"To see the Earth as it truly is, small and blue and beautiful in that eternal silence where.it floats, is to see ourselves as riders on the Earth together, brothers on that bright loveliness in the eternal cold -- brothers who know now that they are truly brothers."
The highly favorable response to WHOSE ENVIRONMENT? (Vol. 21, No. 3, February 1975) has encouraged
me to present a sequel to it, partly because several of you, writing about WHOSE ENVIRONMENT? expressed disappointment at the small number of references or asked where similar reference lists might be obtained. Indeed, the list was skimpy; we had space to review briefly only 14 books, and we completely omitted the two series of Golden Nature and Science Guides and the Knowledge through Color Series.
This time we will enlarge upon the 1975 reference list, so this is a continuation, which is at the same time an entity in itself -- a source of inexpensive reference materials for environmental studies. We shall begin YOU CAN BE IN FO RMED by repeating most of the introduction to the reference list in WHOSE ENVIRONMENT?
WHAT CAN I DO?
So what does all of the above mean? If the enemy is "us," then it is "us" that must improve the environment. And we must do it within the "rules" of nature, i.e., within the limitations of space, resources, and our own requirments. This is by no means easy, because we moderns have come to think so much in terms of linear "one cause -- one effect" relationships that we seldom stop to realize that in the real world in which we live "everything is connected to everything else." Each cause is itself the effect of something that happened before. Correspondingly, each effect in turn brings about other changes. For example, plants grow by drawing materials from the soil, the plants are eaten by animals, the waste products of the
animals when returned to the soil become nutrients for soil microorganisms and plants whose roots grow in the soil, the animal bodies are decomposed by bacteria into simpler substances which again become nutrients, and so through repeated cycles. In our industrial society, however, we are prone to think of a machine, for example a bottling machine, producing and filling pop bottles, which are bought, the pop
consumed, and bottles thrown into the trash can or along the roadside, with no further effects on the machine, the bottle, or ourselves.
So you ask yourself, "what can I do?" Well -- first of all, you can be well informed. This was not so easy 15 or 20 years ago, when writings in this field were few and the books expensive. But now, in addition to textbooks and technical works, we have a wealth of well-written paperbacks that describe and discuss every aspect of ecology and environmental change as related to human problems.
For those of you are teachers, as so many of the readers of The Kansas School Naturalist are -- the paperbacks in the following list can provide topics for reports, study programs, and class discussions, as well 3S individual and group projects. For example, in a recent science fair I say, an excellent study of the effects of different concentrations of a popular herbicide on plants at various stages of development, demonstrating clearly that at certain stages plants can be harmed by the very herbicides designed to protect them; this was especially true when the herbicides were used at their full recommended strength. This prize-winning entry was suggested by a hint in a single sentence in SILENT SPRING, one of the early paperbacks in the field of ecology.
An annotated list of useful paperbacks begins below. This is by no means complete; there are many more.
New ones are coming out all the time. Browsing around in some of the larger bookstores, you will see for yourself the great variety of modern books on environmental problems. And of course we now have a flood of useful and informative articles in both popular and scientific magazines and journals, And of course, if you happen to be one of those "teacher-readers" of the Naturalist, you have a special obligation and opportunity, not only to keep yourself informed, but to help others to become so.
The following list is restricted to paperbacks, all under two dollars and some under one dollar. Most of them can be obtained in the larger bookstores; the' can also be obtained directly from the publishers. A list of publishers' addresses follows the references; if you order directly from them you should include 20 cents per copy for mailing and handling.
AMORY, CLEVELAND, Man Kind?, 1974, Dell, $1.75
A controversial book on what Amory regards as an unjustified war, being waged on wildlife by those who subscribe to the hunting and trapping cults; in three sections -- For Fun, For Money, and For Revenge. Detailed documentation, tables of data, photographs, index.
AMOS, WILLIAM H., The Infinite River, 1970, Ballantine, $1.25
The water cycle as it affects the various forms of life in each kind of wa ter environment; where the rivers come from, where they go, and what happens along the way; effects of agriculture and industry; comparison of past ecological equilibrium with present growing environmental imbalances.
BATTAN, LOUIS J., The Unclean Sky, 1966, Anchor, $1.45
One of the Science Study Series; how the atmosphere has become a "dumping ground" for many kinds of gaseous and particulate wastes, some of which are, or can be, dangerous to health and to the balance of the environment; what has been and what can be done about it.
BETHEL, MAY, How to Live in Our Polluted World, 1970, Pyramid, 95¢
The poisons and potential poisons increasingly found in our foods, drink, cosmetics, and the like; types and development of air and water pollution; radioactivity in the environment; some of the things you can do about it.
BRODEUR, PAUL, Asbestos and Enzymes, 1972, Ballantine, $1.25
Discussion of the use of asbestos in many common home and industrial products, and of enzymes in many detergents -- two examples of technological use of products without full understanding of how these might endanger health or damage the environment.
"How index-learning turns no student pale
Yet holds the eel of science by the tail."
-- Alexander Pope (1688-1744)
BURKE, EVELYN, and editorial staff, San Juan Islands Almanac, 1976, Long House, $1.75
A guide book designed to help people use and enjoy the islands without ecological damage; underwater world, tidelands, shoreline, woods, parks, natural history, wildlife, special events, and more, all discussed "with reverence for the land." Maps, diagrams, photographs, drawings, cartoons.
CAILLIET, GREG, PAULETTE SETZER, and MILTON LOVE, Everyman's Guide to Ecological Living, 1971, Macmillan, 95¢
An action guide for those who want to learn how to help stop environmental deterioration and make some improvement; resources to be conserved, consumer power, pollutants, population, political action; extensive lists of books, periodicals, and organizations; tables, graphs, cartoons, recipes.
"Little flower -- but if I could understand
What you are, root and a ll, and all in all,
I would know what God and man is."
-- Lord Tennyson (1807-1892)
(Kentucky) "The shaggy-maned herds of unwieldy buffalo had furrowed the prairies with trails along which they had travelled for countless generations. The round-horned elk.... abounded, and like the buffalo travelled in bands not only through the woods but also across the reaches of waving grassland. The deer were extraordinarily numerous, and so were bears, while wolves and panthers were plentiful."
-- Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919)
CARRIGHAR, SALLY. One Day at Teton Marsh, 1967, Ballantine, 95¢
A paper-back revival of impressions of the late 40's, in which the marsh environment is seen through the eyes of its animal inhabitants; most of the description is as relevant today as it was 30 years ago.
COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE. U.S. Representatives, World Population and Food Supply and Demand Situation, 1974, Sup't. of Documents, $1.90
Hearings before the House Committee; statements by many government agencies, national committees, and individuals representing a wide spectrum of interests. Representative Sibelius of Kansas was a member of the Committee and of the subcommittee on department operations. Many graphs and tables.
COMMONER, BARRY, The Closing Circle, 1971, Bantam, $1.95
Detailed analysis, by "the Paul Revere of ecology" (New York Post), of environmental problems in terms of basic ecological principles; discussion of social and economic implications of the problems and proposed solutions detailed chapter notes, references. index.
"Ye birds, great and small, that fly in the air,
Ye animals, great and small, that dwell in the forest,
Ye insects that creep among the grasses and burrow in the ground,
I bid you hear me!
Into your midst has come a new life."
--From traditional birth ritual of the Omaha Indians
COMMONER, BARRY, Science and Survival, 1970, Ballantine, $1.25
Detailed discussion of the long-term environmental effects of science and technology, with special emphasis on the actual and potential dangerous effects.
COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY, Environmental Quality, 1970, Sup't of Documents, $1.75
Tables of data and diagrams to explain the problems involved in maintaining the quality of the environment; proposed solutions.
CURTIS, RICHARD, and ELIZABETH HOG, Perils of the Peaceful Atom, 1969, Ballentine, $1.25
The nature of radioactive hazards, both in operation of nuclear power plants and in disposal of radioactive wastes; alternate possibilities; detailed reference list and index.
DE BELL, GARRETT (Editor), The Environmental Handbook, 1970. Ballantine, 95¢
Friends of the Earth handbook prepared for the first National Environmental Teach-in, with its focus mainly on the ecological bases of environmental deterioration, and suggested individual and community action; prepared by cooperation of scientists, teachers, students, and writers.
DE BELL, GARRETT (Editor), The Voter's Guide to Environmental Politics, 1970, Ballantine, 95¢
How to get action through Congress, congressmen's voting records, consequences of actions on issues before legislatures and the congress, what issues should be brought up, individuals' rights.
DIAMOND, HENRY L. (Chairman), Energy in Solid Waste, 1975, Citizens' Advisory Committee, $1.25
An overview of the "national trash can" and the amounts of energy available in various types of litter; suggested citizen and community action. Glossary of solid waste terms, selected bibliography, and list of previous publications of the committee.
EDITORS OF FORTUNE, The Environment, 1970, Perennial, $1.25
Thirteen chapters, which originally appeared in Fortune, dealing with important ecological and environmental problem areas; progress up to date and what remains to be done; how to go about doing it under the social, economic, and political conditions of the 20th century.
EDITORS OF PLAYBOY, Project Survival, 1971, HMH, 95¢
Eleven chapters by such well-known writers as Julian Huxley, Justice William O. Douglas, Senator Jacob Javits, and Buckminster Fuller, on different aspects of human ecology, such as survival, overbreed, water. the city of the future, transportation, pollution, and the like.
EHRLICH, PAUL R. and ANNE H., The End of Affluence, 1973. Ballantine, $1.95
A controversial book setting forth the reasons for our impending environmental crises, and suggesting what citizens can do to help improve things. Several tables of data e.g. net protein utilization of common foods, and graphs, e.g., grain consumption per person per year as related to income. Extensive chapter notes and reading lists; appendices on fire from a nuclear burner, and food storage for self-sufficiency).
FERKISS, VICTOR. Technological Man, 1969, Mentor, $1.25
Exactly what has happened to human life and lifestyle as a result of technological changes, especially in relation to social life, economics, and politics; emphasis on problems of centralization and decentralization; the cultural lag; chapter notes, extensive bibliography, index.
FORBES, R.J., The Conquest of Nature, 1968, Mentor, $1.25
Effects of modern technology on economic problems and humanitarian goals of mankind; detailed analyses of the man-machine relationship; discussion of what "conquest" really means in this context.
FRITSCH, ALBERT J. and BARRY CASTLEMAN, Lifestyle Index, 1974, Center for Science, $1.50
Introduction to principles of modern energy use, followed by formulas ror calculating energy consumption; energy as related to food, heating and cooling, home appliances, transportation, leisure activities; reference list, 11 tables of pertinent data.
FULLER, R. BUCKMINSTER, Operating Manual for Spaceship Earth, 1970, Pocket, $1.25
History of intellectual evolution and the challenge of the present-day world, as these relate to the continued operation of Spaceship Earth on which all of us arcepassengers; automation, specialization, industrialization, computerization; measures that must be taken, and what the new courses will probably be; index.
"If science can be applied to increase the rate or food production and to satisfy our other needs, it can and should also be applied to reduce the rate of people production. And for that, as for all scientific advance, we need both basic research and practical application."
--Julian Huxley (1887-1975)
"There was an old man in a tree,
whose whiskers were lovely to see;
but the birds in the air
plucked them perfectly bare
to make themselves nests in the tree."
--Edward Lear (1812-1888)
GALBRAITH, J. K., The Affluent Society, 1969, Mentor, 95¢
What affluence, with its centralization and specialization, technological progress, and modern communication has done to modify our society, and some of the unexpected and unplanned side effects.
GODFREY, ARTHUR (Editor), The Arthur Godfrey Environmental Reader, 1970, Ballantine, 95¢
A collection of 17 of the book chapters and magazine articles that led Godfrey to the conclusion that man himself is one of the endangered species, and that time remaining to do something about it is limited.
GOLDEN NATURE GUIDES, Golden Press, $1.95 each
If in the course of your environmental studies you decide you need identification manuals, these guides may be just what you want. A list follows; space does not permit individual reviews, but the titles are practically self-explanatory. The Guides are as follows:
Butterflies and Moths
Reptiles and Amphibians
Rocks and Minerals
Seashells of the World
GOLDEN SCIENCE GUIDES, Golden Press
These are brief discussions of various important sciences; the list is as follows:
Families of Birds
Light and Color
(The Grand Canyon) -- "Its music is the orchestra of wind in the pines at dusk, the call of the coyote, the cellestial song of the hermit thrush in amphitheaters fit for the gods."
--John Wesley Powell (1834-1902)
HARDIN, GARRETT, Exploring New Ethics for Survival, 1972, Pelican, $1.45
Too many people and too few resources; what is right, legal, moral, ethical, expedient in trying to forestall the inevitable that is indicated by the trends of the past century; good humor with a serious message; tables of data, appendices, index.
KNOWLEDGE THROUGH COLOR, Bantam, $1.95 each
The books in this series, also known as the Bantam All Color Guides, cover much basic material that may be useful to your environmental studies. Space does not permit individual reviews, but the titles indicate the scope. A partial list follows:
The Animal Kingdom
Birds of the World
Butterflies of the World
Exploring the Planets
Fishes of the World
Flowers of the World
The Human Body
Insects of the World
Monkeys and Apes
The Plant Kingdom
Reptiles of the World
Rocks and Minerals
Snakes of the World
Trees of the World
Tropical Freshwater Aquaria
Tropical Marine Home Aquariums
Weather and Weather Forecasting
KODET, E. RUSSELL and BRADFORD ANGIER, Being Your Own Wilderness Doctor, 1972, Pocket, $1.50
More than merely first aid; 18 chapters covering everything from abscesses to yellow jaundice; directions for assembling a light-weight "medical kit" for short trips, and an extended kit for longer trips; many diagrams, and a "Problem-Treatment-Finder" that also serves as an index.
LANDAU, NORMAN J. and PAUL D. RHEINGOLD. The Environmental Law Handbook. 1971, Ballantine, $1.25
Designed for both lawyers and lay citizens; how individuals and agencies that injure the environment can be influenced and, if necessary, brought into court; A Friends of the Earth book.
LAPPE, FRANCES MOORE, Diet for a Small Planet, 1971, Ballantine, $1.25
Discussion of foods and nutrition in the United States; how to maintain a satisfactory protein balance with little or no meat in the diet; how to make best use of the foods available on the general market: recipes to illustrate the points made.
LEAVITT, HELEN, Superhighway -- Superhoax, 1970, Ballantine, 95¢
An extensively documented discussion of the problems related to superhighways, with special emphasis on urban problems; list of organizations, references, index.
LEINWALD, GERALD, Air and Water Pollution, 1969, Washington , 75¢
Part I, a discussion of the problems and what can be done about them; Part II, 15 selected readings about specific aspects; notes and index.
LITTLE, CHARLES E. and JOHN G. MITCHELL, Space for Survi val, 1971, Pocket , $1.25
The case for open space in community life; planning and action for acquiring space even in concentrated urban areas; how land acquisition has been made to pay for itself; how parks can be made a part of overall development. A Sierra Club handbook, with many case histories, as well as a directory of chapters and groups.
LORD, RUSSELL, The Care of the Earth, 1972, Mentor, 95¢
A comprehensive history of the many kinds of agriculture that have been and are practiced in various countries and climatic areas; some of the ecological and economic implications.
LOVE, SAM (Editor), Earth Tool Kit, 1971, Pocket, $1.25
A field manual for environmental action prepared by the group which coordinated Earth Day; in four parts -- basic information, tactics, battlefronts, and trial runs; glossary of "ecowords."
"It is the exclusive properly of man, to contemplate and to reason on the great book of nature. She gradually unfolds herself to him, who with patience and perserverance, will search into her mysteries; and when the memory of the present and past generations shall be obliterated, he shall enjoy the high privilege of living in the minds of his successors."
-- Carolus Linnaeus (Karl von Linne, 1707-1778)
"Man's capacities have never been measured; nor are we to judge of what he can do by any precedents, so little has been tried."
-- Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862)
LYNCH, PATRICIA, National Environmental Test, 1971, Pocket, 95¢
The six sections of the National Environmental Test, adapted for book form from the CBS News television broadcast, make it possible for the reader to compare his scores with those who look the original test. Many photographs and drawings; answer key.
MACKENTH UN, K. M. The Practice of Water Pollution Biology, 1969, Sup't of Documents, $1.50
Characteristics of chemical and biological pollution of flowing and standing waters, and how applied biology can be used to prevent and control the pollution.
MARX, WESLEY. The Frail Ocean, 1969, Ballantine, 95¢
Discussion of world-wide effects of ocean pollution and the intricate international politics involved in improvement practices; often compared to Silent Spring in approach and viewpoint; several appendices with data on production, fish fleets, jurisdiction.
MITCHELL, JOHN G. and CONSTANCE L. STALLINGS, Ecotactics, 1970, Pocket, 95¢
The Sierra Club Handbook for environmentalists; industry and pollution, environmental problems, suggested programs of action: iist of chapters or the Sierra Club, other organizations, congressional directory.
MORRIS, DESMOND. The Naked Ape, 1969, Dell, 95¢
Man in perspective as a member of the animal kingdom; chapters on origins, sex, rearing, exploration, fighting, feeding, comfort, and relationships with other species; reference list and index.
NOTESTEIN, FRANK W. (Director), Three Essays on Population, 1960, Mentor, 95¢
Introduction by the director, followed by three significant essays on human population: Malthus, A Summary View of the Principle (1830); Huxley, World Populalion (1955); Osborn, Population: An International Dilemma (1960); index covering all three essays.
POHLMAN, EDWARD (Editor), Population, 1973, Mentor. $1.95
A collection of 82 recent articles by recognized authors in the fields of ecology, demography,
agriculture, politics, foreign policy, pollution, food and food production, economics, and birth control, designed to present the impact of all of these on the "population crisis."
RIENOW, ROBERT, and LEONA TRAIN RIENOW, Man Against His Environment, 1970, Ballantine, $1.25
Reorganization of materials originally prepared for a 26-week television course given by the State University of New York, with emphasis on economic and political implications of ecological problems and proposed solutions.
REINOW, ROBERT and LEONA TRAIN RIENOW, Moment in the Sun, 1969, Ballantine, 95¢
An item-by-item presentation. in 29 chapters, of the many ways in which we have damaged the environment by making changes that ignore basic ecological principles; chapter notes, index.
RODALE, ROBERT (Editor), The Basic Book of Organic Gardening, 1970, Ballantine, $1.25
What organic gardening is, where supplies may be obtained, soil, compost, mulch, fertilizer, environmental relationships, how organic gardening can contribute to environmental improvement.
SHURCLIFF, WILLIAM A., S/S/T and Sonic Boom Handbook, 1970, Ballantine, 95¢
A Friends of the Earth book that may be more relevant now than during the controversial period in which it was written, even though development of the American S/S/T was stopped; detailed descriptions of various potential injuries to the environment, with some attention to economic feasibility.
"Believe one who knows: you will find something greater in woods than in books. Trees and stones will teach you that which you can never learn from masters."
-- St. Bernard de Clairvaux (1091-1153)
STADLER, JOHN (Editor), Eco-Fiction, 1971, Washington, 95¢
Preface by the editor, followed by 18 short stories, some "science fiction," some nature study, designed to make the reader think about his place in nature and the effects of those of his actions that change the environment.
SHUTTLEWORTH, JOHN, et. al., Handbook of Homemade Power, 1974, Bantam, $1.95
A Mother Earth News book on alternate energy sources; 39 chapters in five groups: Wood, Water, Wind, Solar, Methane; many graphs, diagrams, drawings, and cartoons, to illustrate specific methods of implementation of the energy sources; extensive bibliography and index.
SLATER, PHILIP, Earth-Walk, 1974, Bantam, $1.95
Many inevitalbe "confrontation with tomorrow" if present trends in resource use, population growth, and pollution continue; analyses of overuse of resources; results of the overemphasis on technology and profit motive; results of too little contact with nature; what we have to do to avoid "future shock." Chapter notes and index.
STONE, CHRISTOPHER D., Should Trees Have Standing?, 1974, Discus, $1.50
What it means to have legal rights in our country, and whether legal standing can be given to natural features, such as trees (forests), streams, mountains, and the like; index.
STORER, JOHN H. The Web of Life, Signet, $1.25
In many ways the first book of it s kind, first printing in 1954; one of the classics in the discussion of the question "will man develop ecological understanding before he does irreparable damage to his total environment?" and of the considerations upon which the answer will have to depend; photographs and reference list.
SWATEK, PAUL, Users Guide to Protection of Environment, 1970, Ballantine, $1.25
A practical handbook of environmental and ecological information; what constitutes our environment; household products, brand names; how individuals can get ecologically safe products; reference list and index.
TANNER, R. THOMAS, Ecology, Environment, and Education, 1974, Professional Educators, $1.75
Modern approaches to environmental education at various levels including a working model for a teachers' workshop: especially useful for planners and teachers of educational programs; chapter notes and reference.
TAYLOR, GORDON R., The Doomsday Book, 1970, Fawcett, $1.25
How man is changing his environment, and the consequences of the changes: special emphasis on pollutants; analysis of population growth and criteria of over-population; problems involved in avoiding catastrophes; list of environmental protective agencies, reference list, index.
TERRY, MARK, Teaching for Survival, 1969, Ballantine, 95¢
Principles of environmetal education and suggested working programs for various levels; what survival has come to mean in the modern technological world.
TOFFLER, ALVIN, The Eco-Spasm Report, 1975, Bantam, $1.50
Discussion by the author of Future Shock or the general crisis in industrialism which "transcends the differences between capitalism and Soviet-style communism" and may bring on an entirely new social order; emphasis on coping with crises and on various plans for going from where we are now to the new order; reference list and index.
"Any fool can destroy trees; they cannot defend themselves or run away."
-- John Muir (1839-1914)
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF INTERIOR, Man -- An Endangered Species?, 1968, Sup't or Documents, $1.50
A well illustrated almost "picture book" discussion of the various dimensions of the population problem, with some or the outlooks for the future.
WARD, BARBARA and RENE DUBOS, Only One Earth, 1972, Ballantine, $1.50
Commissioned by the Secretary-general of the UN Conrerence on Human Environment to give background for the Stockholm Conference in 1972; in five parts -- 1. the planet's unity, 2. unities or science, 3. problems or technology, 4. the developing regions, 5. a planetary order. Special emphasis on land use and on the added problems of the developing regions. List of consultants and international organizations; index.
WHYTE, W.H,. The Last Landscape, 1970, Anchor, $1.95
What we are doing to our environment; how it will come to an end ir the present trends continue; what may still be possible.
WHITESIDE, THOMAS, Defoliation, 1970, Ballantine, 95¢
Definition and brief discussion of the process of defoliation, its ecological implications -- immediate and long-term; reports by individuals, organizations, commissions, and conferences; emphasis on military uses; index.
WISE, WILLIAM, Killer Smog, 1968, Ballantine, $1.25
History and status or the "smog problem," and how this problem differs in different localities; how smog originated and what constituents are present in the various types and stages or smog; characteristics that determine when there is an emergency; reference list.
ZWICK, DAVID (Editor), Water Wasteland, 1972 , Bantam, $1.50
Report of the task force known as Ralph Nader's Study Group; an attempt to bring together the technological, political, economic, and social factors that have an impact on water pollution; types of pollution and the feasibility of various proposed solutions for existing and future problems; appendices, tables or data, index.
The following paperbacks were reviewed in WHOSE ENVIRONMENT?
ALEXANDER, TAYLOR R. and GEORGE S. FICHTER, Ecology, 1973, Golden Press
BOCK, ALAN, The Ecology Action Guide, 1971, Pyramid
BRUBAKER, STERLING, To Live on Earth, 1972, Mentor
CALDWELL, WILLIAM A. (Editor), How to Save Urban America, 1973, Signet
CARSON, RACHEL, Silent Spring, 1962, Fawcett
EHRLICH, PAUL R., The Population Bomb, 1968, Ballantine
EHRLICH, PAUL R., and RICHARD L. HARRIMAN, How to Be a Survivor, 1971, Ballantine
GRAHAM, FRANK JR., Since Silent Spring, 1970, Fawcett
HAY, JOHN, Nature's Year, 1961, Ballantine
ILLICH, IVAN, Energy and Equity, 1974, Perennial
LAYCOCK, GEORGE, The Alien Animals, 1966, Ballantine
LEOPOLD, ALDO, A Sand County Almanac, 1966, Ballantine
McNULTY, FAITH, Must They Die?, 1972, Ballantine
MEADOWS, D. H. et. al., Limits to Growth, 1972, Signet
"And this our life, exempt from public haunt,
Finds tongues in trees, books in the running brooks,
Sermons in stones, and good in everything.
I would not change it."
-- William Shakespeare (1564-1 616)
Many useful United State Government publications can be obtained from the Superintendent of Documents; some are free and others are quite inexpensive. Write for price lists by topics.
Most states have one or more extension services that provide informational materials for the public. On a recent visit to the Lyon County Extension Council in our Court House, I found almost 300 items for free distribution. The following lists of 40 titles, only about 13 per cent of those available, are enough to show the wide range of subject matter covered, with relevance to many aspects of human environment and ecology.
I. From the Cooperative Extension Service, Kansas State University
ANDERSON, ELINOR A. and MILDRED L. WALKER, Metric, C 515, 12 pp., 1975
BOHANNON, ROBERT (Director), Arbor Day, L241, 12pp., 1973
BRILL, MARTHA E., Beware Health "Quacken," C500, 16 pp., 1974
GOULD, LEONARD K., Fireplace wood, L383, 6 pp., 1973
HENDERSON, F. ROBERT, el. al., Mr. Landowner, Wildlife Needs Your Help, C520, 12pp., 1974
HENDERSON, F. ROBERT and EDWARD K. BOGGESS, Problem with Birds, L352, 12 pp., 1976
HOWE, JERELDINE R., Facts About Fibers, C316,12pp., 1971
HYDE, ROBERT M. and CLENTON E. OWNESBY, Bluestem Range Burning, L277, 8 pp., 1971
LEUTHOLD, LARRY D. and RAY A. KEEN, Roses, C347, rev., 16 pp., 1975
LEUTHOLD, LARRY D.. et. al., Kansas Garden Calendar, MF 241, 20 pp., 1976
MARR, CHARLES, Kansas Garden Guide, C436, 24 pp., 1975
MILLER, ELSIE LEE, Outdoor Cookery, C320, 24 pp., 1974
MILLER, ELSIE LEE and MILDRED L. WALKER, Camper's Tips, L365, 6 pp., 1973
MORRISON, FRANK D., Grapes in Your Fruit Garden, MF 310, 8 pp., 1973
MORRISON, FRANK D., Growing Strawberries, C401, 16 pp., 1976
MORRISON, FRANK D. et. al,. Fruit Pest Control, L254, 8 pp., 1976
NIGHSWONGER, JAMES J., Planning for a Better Community Landscape. C369, 16 pp., 1966
NIGHSWONGER, JAMES J., Plants, Man, and Environment, C448, 16 pp., 1972
NIGHSWONGER, JAMES J., Creative Playgrounds, C545, 24 pp., 1976
PARKS, CHARLES E. and L. R. QUINLAN, What Shall I Plant? C292, 16 pp., 1974
WHITNEY, DAVID A., Test for Available Nitrogen, L275, 6 pp., 1970
WILLIS, WILLIAM G.. Sycamore Anthracnose, L282, rev., 6 pp., 1972
II. From the Agricultural Experiment Station, Kansas State University
BARK, L. DEAN, Long Range Weather Information, L-5, 6 pp., 1968
DICK, WILLARD C. and HUGH E. THOMPSON, Biology and Control of Nantucket Pine Tip Moth, 541 , 4 pp., 1971
EATON, B. J., Identifying and Controlling Wild Hemp (Marijuana), 555 rev., 14 pp., 1973
NICKEL, C. D. et. al., 1975 Kansas Soybean Performance Tests, 256,14 pp., 1976
ODOM, R. E. and LARRY D. LEUTHOLD, Annual Garden Flowers, 558, rev., 24 pp., 1972
TIEMEIER, OTTO W. and CHARLES W. DEYOE, Producing Channel Catfish, 576, 24 pp., 1973
III. Wildlife Agencies
Most states have fish and game organizations, by various names, which are essentially conservation agencies. In Kansas for example, the Kansas Forestry, Fish, and Game Commission has published for many years, for free distribution, 40-page booklet called WHAT HAVE I CAUGHT?. The Commission also publishes a monthly magazine Kansas Fish and Game, in which other publications, some free and some for sale, are announced.
IV. From the Superintendent of Documents
Many useful and important U.S. Government publications be obtained, either from local extension services or directly from the Superintendent of Documents. Some of these are for free distribution, others for sale. I found all of the following USDA publications, and many more, in our local Court House.
AGRICULTURE RESEARCH SERVICE, Mexican Bean Beetle, Leaflet 548, 8 pp., 1974
CATHEY, HENRY M. Growing Ornamentals in Urban Gardens, Home and Garden Bulletin 188, 22 pp., 1971
CATHEY, HENRY M. House Plants. H & G Bull. 82, rev., 32 pp., 1975
CROOKS, DONALD M. and DAYTON L. KLlNGMAN, Poison Ivy, Oak, and Sumac, Farmers' Bulletin 1972, rev., 16 pp., 1971
ENTOMOLOGY RESEARCH DIVISION, Cockroaches, Leaflet 430, 8 pp., 1971
HULL, J. W. Thornless Blackberries, H & G Bull. 207, 6 pp., 1973
KLINGMAN, D. L. and W. C. SHAW, Using Phenoxy Herbicides Effectively, Farm. Bull. 2183 rev., 24 pp., 1972
NATIONAL PROGRAM STAFF, Beekeeping for Beginners, H & G Bull. 158, 12 pp., 1975
REED, L. B. and RAYMON E. WEBB, Insects and Diseases of Vegetables, Ag. Inf. Bull. 380, 50 pp., 1975
SIMONS, JOSEPH W., Home Healing, Farm. Bull. 24 pp., 1968
VETTEL, RUTH el. al., Storing Perishable Foods in the Home, H & G Bull. 78, 12 pp., 1973
"Everything in Nature contains all the powers of Nature, Everything is made of one hidden stuff."
-- Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882)
"There's many a life of sweet content
Whose virtue is environment."
Walter Learned (1847-1915)
ADDRESSES OF PUBLISHERS
Agricultural Experiment Station, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66502
Anchor Books, Doubleday and Co. Inc., Garden City, NY 10003
Ballantine Books, 101 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10003
Bantam Books, Inc., 666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10019
Center for Science in Public Interest, 1770 Church Street NW, Washington, DC 20036
Citizens' Advisory Committee on Environmental Quality, 1700 Pennsylvania, Washington, D.C. 20006
Cooperative Extension Service, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66502
Dell Publishing Co., Inc., 1 Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, KY 10017
Discus -- Avon Books, The Hearst Corporation, 959 Eighth Avenue, New York, NY 10019
Fawcett World Library, 67 West 44th Street, New York, NY 10036
Golden Press, Western Publishing Co., Inc., 1220 Mound Avenue, Racine, WIS 53404
HMH Publishing Co., 919 North Michigan Avenue, Chicago, ILL 60611
Kansas Forestry, Fish, and Game Commission, Box 1028, Pratt, KS 67124
Long House Printcrafters, Rt. 1, Box 179 E, Friday Harbor, WA 98250
The Macmillan Company, 866 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10022
Mentor Books, New American Library, PO Box 999, Bergenfield, NJ 07621
Pelican -- Penguin Books, 7110 Ambassador Road, Baltimore, MD 21207
Perennial Library, Harper and Row, Inc., 49 East 53rd Street, New York, NY 10016
Pocket Books, 1 West 39th Street, New York, NY 10018
Professional Educators Publications, Box 80728, Lincoln, NEB 68501
Pyramid Books, Mail Order Dept., 9 Garden Street, Moonachie, NJ 07074
Signet Books, New Amencan Library, PO Box 999, Bergenfield, NJ 07621
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402
Washington Square Press, Simon and Schuster, Inc., 630 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10019
An important way to keep yourself informed is to join an organization or two, and take as active a part as possible in their programs. A partial list of state and national organizations follows. Some local affiliations are listed for Kansas; other states have comparable organizations. You can explore the situation in your own state and locality.
AMERICAN NATURE STUDY SOCIETY, Crayton Jackson, Secretary, Rt. 2, Box 766, Morehead, KY 40351
Dedicated to the promotion of environmental education; publisher of the Quarterly Nature Study.
FRIENDS OF THE EARTH, 30 East 2nd Street, New York, NY 10017
A national organization dealing with all aspects of environmental improvement, with special emphasis on public information, publisher of Not Man Alone. Many local groups, for example the Wichita group; Ramona Stevens. 324 N. Bluff, Wichita, KS 67208, and Topeka, Ben Wildeman, 2723 Monroe, Topeka, KS 66605
IZAAK WALTON LEAGUE, 1800 North Kent Street, Suite 806 , Arlington, VA 22209
This former "fishermen's club" has broadened its interests to cover all aspects of wildlife protection and conservation. Many local groups.
KANSAS ORNITHOLOGICAL SOCIETY, Amelia Betts, Secretary, Baldwin City, KS 66606
Many states or regions have comparable groups; most of them offer excellent opportunities for contacts among professional ornithologists, game managers, teachers, and interested birdwatchers.
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BIOLOGY TEACHERS, 11250 Roger Bacon Drive, Reston, VA 22090
A broadly based organization of biology teachers which has in recent years placed much emphasis on ecology and environmental science. Many affiliated state or regional groups, for example the KANSAS ASSOCIATION OF BIOLOGY TEACHERS, Stanley D. Roth, Jr., Secretary, Lawrence High School, Lawrence, KS 66044
NATIONAL AUDUBON SOCIETY, 950 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10022
This former "birdwatchers' society" has broadened its interests to include all aspects of environmental improvement; known especially for the Audubon Screen Tours; publisher of Audubon Magazine and American Birds; regional representative, Ronald D. Klataske, 813 Juniper Drive, Manhattan, KS 66502; many local groups, for example the "Ruddy Turnstones," Emporia, are an affiliated group. Mrs. Robert Tabor, Secretary, 2178 Morningside Drive, Emporia, KS 66801
NATIONAL WILDLIFE FEDERATION, 1412 16th Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20036
Broadly interested group working mainly in conservation, but recently with increasing emphasis on the legal aspects. Publisher of National Wildlife, International Wildlife, Ranger Rick's Nature Magazine, and distributor of books, wildlife stamps, and the like; many local and regional groups, for example the Kansas chapter, Ted Cunningham, Executive Director, Route 1, Wamego, KS 66547; publisher of The Kansas Sportsman.
NATURE CONSERVANCY, 1800 North Kent Street, Arlington, VA 22209
A publicly supported organization with the goal of preserving for the future such natural areas as mountains, woods, prairies, deserts, wetlands, beaches, and islands; in the past 20-odd years acquiring almost 1600 areas throughout the United States, totaling almost a million acres; several regional, field, and chapter offices.
SIERRA CLUB, 1050 Mills Tower, San Francisco, CA 94104
This broadly based environmental group has been a rioneer in many kinds of environmental protection activities, especially in the legal field, such as class action suits for the protection of specifically endangered areas. Kansas activities under the Rocky Mountain Chapter. P.O. Box 3241, High Mar Station, Boulder, CO 80303
WILDERNESS SOCIETY, 729 15th Street, NW., Washington, DC 20005
A generally interested group, with special emphasis on lobbying activities and court action for the preservation of various types of natural areas. Regional and local groups.
ZERO POPULATION GROWTH , INC., (ZPG), 367 State Street, Los Altos, CA 94022
A non-profit political action organization with the goal of bringing about population stability in the world: works for state and federal legislation that will encourage ZPG goals supports candidates who express interest in ZPG.
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