THE COVER PICTURE shows Mr. and Mrs. Harold R. Hackney and sons Rodney and Bid, of Wichita, Kansas, enjoying a camp dinner at Courtney Davis Lake, northeast of Wichita.
ABOUT THIS ISSUE
Published by The Kansas State Teachers College of Emporia
Prepared and Issued by The Department of Biology, with the cooperation of the Division of Education
Editor: Jolm Breukelman, Department of Biology
Editorial Committee: Ina M. Borman, Robert F. Clarke, Helen M. Douglass, Gilbert A. Leisman, David F. Parmelee, Carl W. Prophet
Online fomat by: Terri Weast
The Kansas School Naturalist is sent upon request, free of charge, to Kansas teachers, school board members and administrators, librarians, conservationists, youth leaders, and other adults interested in nature education. Back numbers are sent tree as long as the supply lasts, except Vol. 5, No.3, Poisonous Snakes of Kansas. Copies of this issue may be obtained for 25 cents each postpaid. Send orders to The Kansas School Naturalist, Department of Biology, Kansas State Teachers College, Emporia, Kansas.
The Kansas School Naturalist is published in October, December, February, and April of each year by The Kansas State Teachers College, 1200 Commercial Street, Emporia, Kansas. Second-class postage paid at Emporia, Kansas.
ABOUT THE AUTHORS
THIS ISSUE OF The Kansas School Naturalist was prepared by a committee of three Kansas teachers who were members of the second section of the 1964 Workshop in Conservation, under the direction of Thomas A. Eddy, member of the biology faculty of the Kansas State Teachers College.
Camping suggests many things - woods, prairies, mountains, lakes, fishing, hunting, rest for tired nerves, and outdoor life. Camping in this country had its roots in the wilderness living of the pioneers. It has become an important source of enjoyment and recreation for Americans. Camping has also become a major business. Millions of dollars are spent each year for camping equipment, and for travel to and from camping areas.
The city boy or girl can enjoy camping without going many miles from home. Little parks and wooded spots where one may camp for a night or two are usually near at hand. You can have some of the fun of camping any place where a tent can be pitched and a fire can be built.
Camping provides an opportunity to relax and relieve the tensions caused by alarm clocks, office hours, business lunches, jangling telephones, appointments, and too many people around. Instead of falling asleep to the noise of screeching tires and the noisy TV, the camper may drift off to sleep in the peacefulness of a native environment-forest, lake, desert, or plain.
Kansas, once known as the Dust Bowl of the nation, is drawing more and more attention from the outdoor minded public, both in Kansas and the other states. Fewer Kansans feel that they need to travel to the Ozarks to find boating waters or to Minnesota to fish. Lakes and ponds are springing up right at our back doors. Kansas can now boast more than 40 state lakes, almost a dozen Federal reservoirs, and many county and city lakes, totaling many thousands of acres of water. Some 200 roadside parks along the state and Federal highways in Kansas are designed to invite weary motorists to stop. Many of these parks have overnight camping facilities which provide comfort and rest necessary for safe driving. Locations of most of these facilities are shown on pages 8 and 9.
Do not overlook the thrills and advantages associated with the oft-time overlooked opportunities of enjoying the pioneer-type camp-out in the timber along a neighboring stream. Here you can enjoy camping at its best. Nowhere in Kansas are you more than a few minutes removed from the calm and beauty of the countryside. Kansas' 125,000 miles of good roads, leading everywhere, abound in picturesque and scenic drives,
and provide unlimited opportunities to study the state's colorful history at more than 300 historic sites and museums. The old Santa Fe Trail, with its famous old Council Oak at Council Grove, makes its way some miles across Kansas from Westport Landing near Kansas City to the southwest corner where it leaves the state.
As you travel here and there in almost any section of Kansas you become aware of the expanding progress being made by the Soil Conservation Service and related agencies in their efforts to promote conservation of natural resources.
THE CAMPING BUG BITES MANY KANSANS
A most worthwhile organization, gaining members all over Kansas, is the Kansas Campers Association of the National Campers and Hikers of America. This is a fun organization with all non-paid volunteer officers. The chapters have one regular campout each month, and also winter campouts, mostly to visit and to exchange ideas and information. Any family can join the Family Campers Association and can be assured of many hours of enjoyment and fellowship. The Association president, Ray Shields, 101 W. Hudson, Pittsburg, Kansas, in the Christmas 1963 issue of Wake, wrote a "contagious" story of the challenging activities of the Kansas Campers. For further information, read this article or write Ray Shields, or write the Executive Committee Chairman, H. J. Alloway, 878 Whittier, Wichita, Kansas. You'll be glad you did.
A new and popular magazine among campers is Wake, a magazine for outdoor sportsmen, which has much information useful to campers. The publisher is Kent C. Bailar, 1307 West 30th Street, Topeka, Kansas. The committee for this issue of The Kansas School Naturalist is grateful to Mr. Bailar for his interest and for his assistance in providing data for this publication.
The committee at work on the April 1964 issue of The Kansas School Naturalist:
Many families interested in camping are not sure of the type of equipment that they should purchase. A wide range is available. Various units range in price from 25 to 5,000 dollars. A short visit to a busy camping site will enable the prospective camper to become well informed as to the type of equipment needed for an enjoyable camping season.
So pack up and go on a camping trip. With a little planning and study you can find outdoor living one of your finest experiences. Not a lot of equipment is needed; above all, do not try to copy home meals or living standards. Keep your foods simple and avoid taking perishable meats and green vegetables. These can be picked up when needed at a nearby store. Get a suitable cold chest or small ice box and plenty of ice. A good meat to use on a camping trip is ham, which will keep for several days. Instant potatoes are better than whole ones, because you need to save room. Pancakes are almost an essential for outdoor breakfasts.
Here is a check list of important and convenient items for a camping trip.
Of course, you may not need all of these. Stoves and fuel may be available at the camp site. You may choose to use paper dishes and not carry dishwashing equipment.
THE CAMP SITE
In selecting a camp site, keep in mind the following features of a good camp site:
For a good campfire:
If you are camping near water:
A camp is not healthful unless it is clean.
You may wish to carry a camp stove that uses gasoline or bottled gas; you can buy these at camping supply stores almost anywhere. These stoves come about as plain or as fancy as you may wish - and at prices to fit almost any purse. But a fancy stove is not at all necessary. Wood-burning stoves and open fireplaces are available at many camp sites. You can make a stove and carry it with you, or you can improvise one. The accompanying figures will give you some suggestions. The cooker was described by E. L. Palmer, in the January 1943 issue of the American Biology Teacher, as follows:
" ... and I have prepared soup, biscuits, bacon and French toast in less than twenty-three minutes from the time I lit the first match... This combination cooker uses four tin cans. Two of these are one-pound coffee cans. One of these is prepared with a simple wire handle. In it, I place water and enough soup material to make a good soup. Above this can I place the second coffee can, which serves as my oven or for the making
Choice of stoves: left, portable gasoline stove; right, wood or charcoal stove permanently installed at a roadside camp
of cocoa or native 'tea.' The boiler beneath serves as an insulating area and prevents my biscuits from burning. In the baker, I place biscuit dough made after a variety of recipes. Prepared biscuit flour may prove to be the Simplest material to use though native flour may be had from such plants as cattails...The two coffee cans are placed on top of my 'stove,' which consists of a gallon oil can I salvaged from the dump. I have cut out a door about four inches long and the same height, into which I can thrust my fuel of pencilsize sticks. The top of this stove has been cut crudely to let the heat and flames arise but has a skeleton of tin to support my coffee-can boiler and baker. I now place my stove in position; on it, the two coffee cans. Now I make my fryer. This consists of another can about the size of the stove but deep enough to cover my coffee can, and wide enough to allow free circulation of air between. The bottom of this can is open and the opposite end entire. Near this top I cut two flues on opposite sides about an inch deep and four inches wide. This fryer sets on the stove over the boiler and baker. On its top I fry bacon and French toast at the same time. I build a fire in the stove and fry the bacon. In the same grease I lay a piece of bread, with a hole in it the size of the yolk of an egg. In this hole I drop the egg, and when the egg is fried firm to one side of the bread, I turn bread and egg together. ..there should have been enough heat in the coffee cans to boil the soup and bake the biscuits. You then thrust· a stick through the flues in the fryer, lift it off and there the biscuits and soup nre ready to be eaten."
Every true camper follows four rules regarding camp fires:
If you are using a tent, here are some useful suggestions:
Some Edible Wild Plants:
Dandelion-leaves, young roots
Water cress-leaves, young stems
Sheep sorrel-leaves, stems
Curly dock-young leaves
Burdock-young stems, leaves, roots
Shepherd's purse-young leaves
Chickweed-leaves and stems
Lamb's quarter-young leaves and seeds
Milkweed-young stems (like asparagus), young leaves, young pods
Cattail-young stems, pollen, roots
Everyone helps with the cooking.
A Kansas camping trailer and furniture
A FEW RECIPES
FOR YOUR LIBRARY
Bailar, Kent C. (Editor) Wake Magazine, Topeka, Kansas
Bale, Robert O. 1962. Conservation for Camp and Classroom, Burgess Publishing Co., Minneapolis 15, Minn. $3.00
Camping Handbook. 1963. (S. M. Handbooks 635) Science and Mechanics Publishing Co., 505 Park Ave., New York 22, N. Y.
Campgrounds Unlimited. 1963. Campground Guide, Sixth Edition, Blue Rapids, Kansas
Hammett, Catherine T. 1944. Camp Craft's ABC's, Girl Scouts, 155 E. 44th Street, New York 17, N. Y. $1.00
Hammett, Catherine T. 1955. Your Own Book of Campcraft, Pocket Books, Inc.
Lynn, Gordon. 1959. Golden Book of Camping and Camp Crafts, Golden Press
Mitchell, Crawford. 1961. Camp Counselling, W. B. Saunders Company
Smith, Donaldson. 1963. Outdoor Education, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood, Cliffs, N. J.
Smith, Julian. 1957. Outdoor Education for American Youth, American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Washington, D. C.
Webb, Kenneth. 1960. Light from a Thousand Campfires, Associated Press, 291 Broadway, New York, N. Y.
The committee stages a picnic at a roadside park.
The family that plays together stays together; the Robert Swain family of Wichita.
CAMPING AREAS OF THE FORESTRY, FISH & GAME COMMISSION
All campgrounds are open for use at all times of the year. No fees are charged and no reservations are necessary. All space is available on a first-come-first-served basis. No specific number of campsites are available at any individual park; all camping areas are large enough for any anticipated load. Naturally, the better or more desirable spots are taken first so early evening is the best time to establish your camp. In state parks where a caretaker is in residence, a permit to camp is required. The permit is valid for a three-day period and can be renewed at the discretion of the caretaker.
Pets are permitted in State Parks only if confined or restrained on a leash. Rules regarding use of each area are posted at each campground. Drinking water is not available on all areas. However, where available, it is tested and safe. Where not available, it can usually be found in the immediate vicinity close to the park area. Boats may be used on all State Park Lakes; however, motorboats may be used for fishing purposes only. For complete boating regulations, write the Kansas Forestry, Fish and Game Commission, Pratt, Kansas. The committee wishes to thank the Commission for supplying the table of state parks and lakes shown below.
In Kansas, camping areas are also located at state parks, roadside parks, county and city parks. Information on state parks under the jurisdiction of the Kansas Park Authority, may be had by writing that agency at 801 Harrison, Topeka. The State Highway Commission is located in the State Office Building, Topeka, and supplies information regarding roadside parks. For touring information write the Kansas Economic Development Commission, State Office Building, Topeka.
The state convention of the Kansas Campers, Labor Day, 1963, Toronto Lake
KANSAS ROADSIDE PARKS
The Kansas Roadside Parks and Rest Areas are designed to invite weary motorists to stop for a short rest. Comfort and rest contribute to safer driving.
Overnight camping (except on Interstate Highways) is permitted, for one night only, in those parks having toilet facilities. Below is a list of the parks and facilities in each. Camping is also permitted at the State Lakes and Federal Reservoirs; all of these areas are shown on the State Highway Map, which may be obtained from the State Highway Commission of Kansas, State Office Building, Topeka, Kansas. The committee takes this opportunity to thank the Commission for the following list.
Abbreviations: (F) Fireplace, (T) Tables, (W) Water, (Tlt.) Toilet
US-24 12 Mi. W. Kansas City F, T.
US-24 E. US-73 Jct. F. T.
US-24 W. Belvue, F, T, W, Tlt.
US-24 & US-77 N. Riley F, T, Tlt.
US-24 2 Mi. W . Miltonvale F, T, Tlt.
US-24 at US-81 Jct. F, T, Tlt.
US-24 N. Beloit F, T, W, Tlt.
US-24 2 Mi. E. Cawker City F, T, Tlt.
US-24 at Downs F, T, W, Tlt.
US-24 & US-281 N. Osborne F, T, W, Tlt.
US-24 At Stockton F, T, W, Tlt.
US-24 At Webster Dam F, T, W, Tlt.
US-24 At Nicodemus F, T, W, Tlt.
US-24 At Hill City F, T, W, Tlt.
US-24 At Hoxie F, T, W, Tlt.
US-24 At Colby F, T, W, Tlt.
US-24 At Goodland F, T, W, Tlt.
US-24 At Kanorado F, T, W, Tlt.
This roadside park is located on U.S. Highway 81, north of Wichita.
US-36 2 Mi. E. Troy F, T, Tlt.
US-36 W. Highland F, T, Tlt.
US-36 W. Hiawatha F, T, W, Tlt.
US-36 & US-75 3 Mi. W. Fairview F, T, W, Tlt.
US-36 E. Seneca F, T, W.
US-36 2 Mi. S. Axtell F, T, W.
US-36 5 Mi. W. Marysville F, T, W, Tlt.
US-36 E. Washington F, T, W, Tlt.
US-36 At Scandia F, T, W.
US-36 10 Mi. W. Mankato F, T, W.
US-36 At Smith Center F, T, W, Tlt.
US-36 4 Mi. W. Belleville F, T, Tlt.
US-36 At Kensington F, T, W, Tlt.
US-36 At Norton F, T, W, Tlt.
US-36 At Oberlin F, T, W, Tlt.
US-36 At Atwood F, T, W, Tlt.
US-36 At McDonald F, T, W, Tlt.
US-36 At St. Francis F, T, W, Tlt.
1-35 2 Mi. S. E. Gardner F, T, W, Tlt.
US-40 S. Lecompton F, T, W, Tlt.
1-70 25 Mi. W. Topeka F, T, W, Tlt.
1-70 2 Mi. W. Junction City F, T, W, Tlt.
1-70 1 1/2 Mi. N.W. Solomon F, T, W, Tlt.
US-40 At Dorrance F, T, W, Tlt.
US-40 At Russell F, T, W, Tlt.
US-40 Hays By-Pass N. Side F, T, W.
US-40 Hays By-Pass S. Side F, T, W, Tlt.
US-40 2 Mi. W. Ellis F, T, Tlt.
1-70 4 Mi. E. WaKeeney F, T, W, Tlt.
1-70 2 1/2 Mi. E. Grainfield F, T, W, Tlt.
US-40 1 1/2 Mi. E. Oakley F, T, W, Tlt.
US-40 At Winona F, T, W, Tlt.
US-40 At Wallace F, T, W, Tlt.
US-40 Ks.-Colo. State L. F, T, W, Tlt.
US-50 & US-59 S. of Ottawa F, T, W, Tlt.
US-50 & US-75 14 Mi. N. Burlington F, T, Tlt.
US-50 11 Mi. E. Emporia F, T, Tlt.
US-50 6 Mi. W. Emporia F, T.
US-50 E. Cedar Point F, T.
US-50 & US-77 At Florence F, T, W, Tlt.
US-50 6 Mi. E. Newton F, T, W, Tlt.
US-50 6 Mi. W. Stafford F, T, W, Tlt.
US-50 3 1/2 Mi. W. Belpre F, T, W, Tlt.
US-50 & US-56 At Kinsley F, T, W, Tlt.
US-50 - US-56 - US-283 7 Mi. E. Dodge City F, T, W, Tlt.
US-50 3 Mi. W. Ingalls F, T, W, Tlt.
US-50 & US-156 E. Garden City F, T.
US-50 W. Garden City F, T, W, Tlt.
US-50 At Lakin F, T, W, Tlt.
US-54 & US-S9 N. Ft. Scott F. T.
US-54 3 Mi. W. Fort Scott F, T, W, Tlt.
US-54 1 Mi. E. Moran F, T, W, Tlt.
US-54 W . Batesville F, T, W, Tlt.
US-54 2 Mi. W. Rosalia F, T, W, Tlt.
US-54 6 1/2 Mi. E. Augusta F, T, Tlt.
US-54 King.-Sedg. Co. L. F, T, W, Tlt.
US-54 13 Mi. E. Prall F, T, W. Tlt.
US-54 E. Greensburg F, T, W, Tlt.
US-54 At Cimarron River F, T, W, Tlt.
US-54 At Liberal F, T, W, Tlt.
US-56 3 Mi. E. Baldwin F, T, W, Tlt.
US-56 - US-59 Jct. F, T, Tlt.
US-56 E. Council Grove F, T.
US-56 4 Mi. W. Lyons F, T, W, Tlt.
US-56 E. Great Bend F, T, W, Tlt.
US-56 & US-50 At Kinsley F, T, W, Tlt.
US-56 - US-50 - US-283 7 Mi. E. Dodge City F, T, W, Tlt.
US-56 At Rolla F, T, W, Tlt.
US-59 - US-56 Jct. F, T, Tlt.
US-59 - US-50 S. Ottawa F, T, W, Tlt.
US-59 S. Garnett F,T.
US-59 - K-57 N. Erie F, T, W, Tlt.
US-69 At Trading Post F, T.
US-69 So. Pleasanton F, T, W, Tlt.
US-69 - US-54 N. Fort Scott F, T, W, Tlt.
US-73 9 Mi. S. Atchison F, T, Tlt.
US-75 S. Leavenworth F, T.
US-75 7 Mi. N. of Holton F, T, W , Tlt.
US-75 - US-36 3 Mi. W. Fairview F, T, W, Tlt.
US-75 8 Mi. S. Topeka F, T, W, Tlt.
US-75 5 Mi. N. Lyndon F, T, Tlt.
US-75 - US-50 14 Mi. N. Burlington F, T, Tlt.
US-75 5 Mi. N. Yates Center F, T, W, Tlt.
US-75 At Neodesha F, T, W, Tlt.
US-75 S. Altoona F, T.
US-77 - K-9 N. E. Blue Rapids F, T, Tlt.
US-77 - US-24 N. Riley F, T, Tlt.
US-77 - US-50 At Florence F, T, W, Tlt.
US-77 E. Douglass F, T, W, Tlt.
US-77 S. Winfield F, T.
US-77 3 1/2 Mi. S. Arkansas City F T.
US-81 5 Mi. S. Belleville F, T, W, Tlt.
US-81 - US-24 Jct. F, T, Tlt.
US-81 N. Salina F, T, W, Tlt.
US-81 8 Mi. N. Lindsborg F, T, W, Tlt.
US-81 At McPherson F, T, W, Tlt.
US-81 N. Wichita F, T, W, Tlt.
US-81 8 Mi. N. Wellington F, T.
US-83 S. Oberlin F, T, W.
US-83 - US-383 W. Rexford F, T, W, Tlt.
US-156 S Mi. W. Larned F, T, W, Tlt.
US-156 - US-50 E. Garden City F, T.
US-160 10 Mi. W . Parsons F, T, W, Tlt.
US-160 2 Mi. E. Independence F, T, Tlt.
US-160 At Oxford F, T, W, Tlt.
US-160 At Argonia F, T, W.
US-ISO W. Harper F, T, W, Tlt.
US-160 - US-281 W. Medicine Lodge F, T, W, Tlt.
US-160 - US-183 2 Mi. W. Coldwater F, T, W, Tlt.
US-160 E. Ashland F, T, W, Tlt.
US-166 E. Chetopa F, T.
US-166 E. Caney F, T.
US-169 N. Osawatomie F, T, Tlt.
US-169 W. Colony F, T, W, Tlt.
US-169 N. lola F, T, W.
US-169 S. Jct. 96 & 160 F, T, W, Tlt.
US-183 At LaCrosse F, T, W, Tlt.
US-183 & US-160 2 Mi. S. Coldwater F, T, W, Tlt.
US-270 S. Syracuse F, T, W, Tlt.
US-281 - K-191 Geog. Ctr. U. S. T, W, Tlt.
US-281 - US-24 N. Osborne F, T, W, Tlt.
US-281 At Hoisington F, T, W, Tlt.
US-281 - US-160 W. Medicine Lodge F, T, W, Tlt.
US-283 - US-50 - US-56 7 Mi. E. Dodge City
US-283 At Minneola F, T, W.
US-383 At Almena F, T, W, Tlt.
US-383 At Jennings F, T, W, Tlt.
US-383 At Selden F, T, W.
US-383 - US-83 W. Rexford F, T, W, Tlt.
K-9 - US-77 N. E. Blue Rapids F, T, Tlt.
K-9 At Logan F, T, W, Tlt. .
K-9 At Edmond F, T, W, Tlt.
K-9 At Lenora F, T, W, Tlt.
K-10 S. Merriam F, T.
K-16 2 Mi. E. Denison F, T.
K-18 N. E. Junction City F, T, W.
K-18 E. Lincoln F, T, W, Tlt.
K-18 At Luray F, T, W, Tlt.
K-18 4 Mi. W. Natoma F, T, W, Tlt.
K-18 E. Plainville F, T, W, Tlt.
K-18 N. Palco F, T, W, Tlt.
K-18 N. Bogue F, T, W, Tlt.
K-25 11 Mi. S. Atwood F, 1. W, Tlt.
K-27 6 Mi. N. Elkhart F, T, W, Tlt.
K-28 At Jamestown F, T, W.
K-42 5 Mi. S. W. Wichita F, T, W, Tlt.
K-42 1 Mi. E. Jct. K-2 F, T, W, Tlt.
K-45 Cheyenne Bottoms F, T, Tlt.
K-57 1 Mi. E. Girard F, T, W, Tlt.
K-57 - US-59 N. Erie F, T, W, Tlt.
K-57 E. St. Paul F, T, W, Tlt.
K-61 At Preston F, T, W.
K-96 At Leon F, T.
K-96 At Alexander F, T, W, Tlt.
K-96 2 Mi. E. Dighton F, T, W, Tlt.
K-96 6 Mi. E. Leoti F, T, W, Tlt.
K-96 2 Mi. E. Tribune F, T, W, Tlt.
K-99 At Alma F, T.
K-99 1 1/2 Mi. N. Hamilton F, T, Tlt.
K-191 - US-281 Geog. Ctr. U.S. F, T, W.
This is the last issue of the 1963-64 volume of The Kansas School Naturalist; the next issue will be that of October, 1964, Volume 11, Number 1. The mailing list for Volume 11 will not be changed; all those now on it will be kept on, except for anyone who moves from his present address and does not notify us of his new address. The Kansas School Naturalist is sent second class mail; this is not forwarded, and unclaimed copies are returned to us. Therefore it is important to keep us informed concerning address changes.
The editorial committee of a magazine such as this enjoys hearing from the readers. Communications are always welcome, especially information about ways in which The Kansas School Naturalist has proved useful to teachers and suggestions for future issues.
On the lower part of this page is a coupon which may be cut out and filled out in case an address change is necessary. Anyone who does not wish to cut up his magazine can of course send us the new address on a post card.
Plans for future issues are always tentative, but several are either in process of preparation or have been tentatively scheduled. In the next couple of years we shall probably have other issues to follow up our first one on the geology of Kansas, one each on building of equipment for elementary science and on experiments for elementary science, one on lizards in Kansas, one on science projects for the elementary level, and no doubt, one or more on birds. It is possible that the 1964 Workshop in Conservation will produce an issue, as Camping in Kansas was produced by the 1963 Workshop.
THE 1964 WORKSHOP IN CONSERVATION will again be conducted in two sections, from June 1 to June 19, and from June 22 to July 10, inclusive. As in the past several years, the Workshop will cover water, soil, grassland, wildlife conservation and conservation teaching.
There will be lectures, demonstrations, discussion groups, films, slides, field trips, projects, and individual and group reports. You may enroll for undergraduate or graduate credit.
The first section is open to any interested person; there are no prerequisites. Since the second section is devoted almost entirely to the production of teaching aids (e.g. preparation of copy for an issue of The Kansas School Naturalist), enrollment is limited to those who already have an established interest in conservation education and who have some teaching experience.
Fee for first section (3 hours credit): Residents of Kansas, $25.95; non-residents-undergraduates, $50.10; graduates, $45.30. Second section (3 hours credit): same rates.
For other information write the director, Thomas A. Eddy, Department of Biology, KSTC, Emporia, Kansas.
Those printed in boldfaced type are still available, free of charge except Poisonous Snakes of Kansas, which is sold for 25¢ per copy postpaid, to pay for the increased printing costs due to the color plates.
The out-of-print issues may be found in many school and public libraries in Kansas.
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